History of Australian Education
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that the following may contain images and voices of deceased persons.
Schools as we understand them, have existed in Australia for more than 200 years. They began in NSW, expanding across the country as other settlements were made. Government Public School systems did not begin until considerably later than this. These began with primary level schools, then expanded to secondary schools about 1880. The first university [University of Sydney] was established in 1850. Apprenticeships followed by “Mechanics Institutes” began from the 1820s, while colleges [leading to TAFEs] appeared soon after. ‘The year 1889 can be considered to be a significant time-line in the development of technical education, as by this date most of the structures and the frameworks for future development had been established’ 1. Formal early childhood education in the form of preschools [and nurseries] began well after most other sectors, not beginning in a significant way until the 1930s.
Much of the information relating to the history of education in this country is held by state and national archives, rather than by education systems though, interestingly, many individual schools are now becoming more attuned to maintaining their histories than was the case previously.
This page covers the history of education in all states & territories, as well as historical information at . It is designed to cover all schools and all levels of education.
Australian Capital Territory
- Before School :
The Story of the Canberra Pre-School Centres
29 page booklet covering details from the early days of the territory.
- Early Capital Region Government Schools and Teachers
One example of the databases from the Hall School Museum and Heritage Centre.
- Education in the
Australian Capital Territory
Opens with a short history with links to specific historical events and places. References cover all levels of education. Wikipedia.
- Hall School Museum and Heritage Centre
‘The Hall School Museum collection contains approximately 2 200 individual items’. There is also a Database of Early Capital Territory and district Government Schools and Teachers.
- History of Schools in the
Australian Capital Territory
Details, links to other sources. RTF - use MS Word or equivalent to read this download. A PDF version is found here. Find further information at Archives ACT.
- NSW State
Archives and Records
‘In the period before 1973, the Commonwealth administered preschools and the school buildings. New South Wales continued to provide curriculum and teachers’. Details will therefore be found listed in these NSW archives until this point. Also check Historical information about NSW government schools [1848-2019] in the section for NSW below.
- Schools in
the ACT [Libraries ACT]
Six Tables provide opening dates [also closing/amalgamation date, as well as name changes, where appropriate] of various schools, including non-government schools. Does not cover schools existing prior to the initial establishment of the territory
New South Wales
- Aboriginal Education Consultative Group [AECG]
Provides background to the group since its inception in 1977. It also provides an outline of NSW Aboriginal Education History currently until 1996.
- Aboriginal Education Timelines in NSW
‘The main timeline illustrates some of the long struggle of Aboriginal people in NSW against inequality in education. Two case studies outline some issues in more detail. This webpage has been archived to prepare for transfer to the new NESA website’. A PDF version of the information can be downloaded via this link.
- Clean, clad and courteous : a History of Aboriginal
Education in New South Wales
National Library of Australia. Book.
- Documents in the History of Aboriginal education in New
National Library of Australia. Book. Same author as above.
- Female Orphan Institution 1801 -
‘Set up in George Street, Sydney, by Governor King in 1801 to house destitute young girls’. Details, links to Archival and Published Resources.
History of New South Wales government schools
Previously listed as Government Schools of New South Wales from 1848. ‘Historical information on NSW government schools operating since 1848. Includes a number of information sources’ such as :
- Facts and Figures
‘Browse facts and figures on various aspects of public education in NSW’.
- Glossary of school types
‘The glossary provides definitions of the different school types in operation since 1848’.
- Government Schools
‘This section gives a detailed history of public education in NSW and includes information on the Early History, Introduction of the national system, Public Schools Act 1866, Public Instruction Act 1880, Reform movement in secondary education, and NSW education system since World War II’.
- Links to Further Information
Included ‘are a list of organisations that may supply further information about schools, teachers and education in NSW’.
- Photo Gallery
‘Historical photos spanning from 1848 to the late 20th century’.
- School History Database Search
Schools in NSW, past and present. The Database Search ‘contains entries for more than 7 390 current and former schools in NSW’.
- Historical information
about NSW Government Schools [1848-2019]
‘These datasets contain information about current and former government schools in NSW since 1848. Data notes provide information about the structure of what can be presented. Dataset; Categories; and Activity Stream.
- NSW Schoolhouse Museum of Public Education
‘Provides a glimpse of schooling from the past. The museum is a popular excursion venue for schools. Students participate in a hands-on education program interacting with artefacts and re-enacting early school lessons’. They also have a YouTube channel with a wide range of videos on all sorts of topics from our educational history.
- Photo Galleries - Schoolhouse
Links to a range of sources for photos relating to education including their own.
- School Records Guide
‘Overview of education in New South Wales 1788-c.1979 plus a list of the main record series’.
- School Student Records Guide
‘Records provide information relating to Orphan Schools, Industrial Schools and Government schools for admission purposes’. Both Pre-1900 and Post-1900 Records.
- School Teachers Guide
‘Brief overview of sources held by State Records that relate to teacher employment in the Government sector between 1788 and 1979’.
- Schools - Indexes, Guides, Stories
State Archives. Indexes : School Teachers’ Rolls, Schools and related Records [neither have been digitised]; Guides : School Records Guide, School Student Records Guide, School Teachers Guide [see above]; Stories : NSW Correspondence School, School Travelling Hospital [photos], History of Education for the Deaf in NSW and Research Listing A-Z.
- Sydney Boys High School
‘Officially opened by Sir George Reid, Minister for Education, on October 8, 1883. Sydney High pioneered the field of Public High School Education in Australia’. Brief historical notes.
- Sydney Catholic Schools - Our History
‘Sydney Catholic Schools have been providing students with a contemporary, world-class Catholic education for 200 years. The development of a system of Catholic Schools in greater Sydney and the emergence of Catholic Education Offices : 1965-1985 by Br Kelvin Canavan is an exploration of the development of our school system’. A copy of the booklet can be downloaded from the site.
- Sydney Grammar
School - History
‘Sydney Grammar School is one of the oldest schools in Australia. Its ancestor, the Sydney Public Free Grammar School, opened in 1825 with LH Halloran as Headmaster’.
- The Female and Male Orphan Schools in New South
Digital Thesis [PDF format]. Several sections. Beryl M Bubacz.
- The King’s School
Brief history of ‘the oldest independent school in Australia’.
- A Share of the Future ...
Review of Indigenous Education in the Northern Territory A Report done for the government in 2013.
- Education in Wadeye
and the Thamarrurr Region
History from 1945 to the present.
- Our History
‘History of the development of Catholic schools in the Northern Territory’. There is also a section on Aboriginal Catholic Community Schools [ACCS] including historical data for each.
- NT School of Distance Education
A brief history of this including name changes up till the present day.
- The Archives Navigator
Use the Navigator for NT Government and education data. Using Education as a search terminology provides nearly 500 records. Schools provides more than 100 responses.
- Cairns Diocese - A Brief History of Catholic Education
in Far North Qld
‘The history of Catholic education in the Cairns Diocese was characterised by the exceptional personal commitment and perseverance by the many religious and lay women and men who moved to a tropical climate to open Catholic schools’. Timeline provided.
- Catholic Schools Queensland - Our History
‘This timeline shows the foundation date of all Queensland Catholic schools currently in operation. Some schools on the timeline are amalgamations of much older schools but appear on the timeline when they came into existence in their current form. Many other Catholic schools have opened and then closed within the last 175 years as population centres have shifted with the changing times’.
- Distance Education in
Brief history with tabulated information starting in 1901 with a single itinerant teacher.
- Education History Queensland
‘The collection includes reference materials, syllabus, textbooks, exercise books and copybooks previously used in Queensland schools. Members of the public are invited to contact Queensland State Archives and State Library of Queensland for support’. Sections include :
- A Brief History
‘Historical and general background information for teachers, students and the community’. Download PDF versions for each education level from the site e.g. Primary education.
- A Chronology of
Education in Queensland
‘Major milestones and trends in the development of state education’. Includes Female Teachers 1860-1983 [Introduction and multiple PDF downloads]; Directors-General 1876–present and Ministers 1876–present.
- Education History Topics
School Admission and Progression Age : 1875-2008; Oldest state schools in Queensland; Queensland School Readers; Good Manners chart; Corporal punishment; Free Milk Scheme; State Scholarship examination; Anzac Day in Queensland state schools.
- School Anniversaries
‘Resources to support schools in the planning and management of school anniversary celebrations. Writing school history; Celebration activities; Opening and Closing dates of Queensland schools’.and Queensland school anniversaries ’. Useful education history links are also included. ‘School anniversary booklets have been collected for many Queensland State Schools. Search this online catalogue, by school name, for holdings’. You need to be able to log in to access this last site.
- History of Non-State Schools
Brief details about early schools from 1826.
- History of
State Education in Queensland
Wikipedia. Primary education; Secondary education; Technical education; Heritage listings; References; Further reading; External links.
- Schools [Queensland State
This page provides access to both a Brief Guide to School Records and a Brief guide to government buildings - Schools, as well as the teachers listing given above.
- Teachers in Queensland 1860-1903
State Archives, Queensland. You can request to view in the reading room or request digital copies. 27 volumes.
- Government Records and the Family Historian -
LibGuides at State Library of South Australia. Introduction provides extensive assistance to find information.
- The HOPE Collection
‘A collection of textbooks and curriculum material used in South Australian primary schools from the 19th century. It also includes audiovisual and kit material, and a selection of teachers’ lesson plans, school roll books and students’ copy books’. Only accessible at the University of South Australia Library.
- Lutheran Schooling during WW1
Article recording attitudes toward this.
- School Admission Registers 1873-1985
Records plus links to other sources.
- South Australian History - Education
LibGuides at State Library of South Australia. Includes links to ‘Books and pamphlets; School histories and records; Electronic resources; Other resources; Newspaper searching’.
- The Education Question
Information about the need for teachers in the 1850s.
- The Manning Index
The Index at the State Library of South Australia. This is the Education section. Information from Arbor Day to Truancy.
- 150 Years of Public Education
‘Libraries Tasmania has an extensive collection of historical material about schools and their history. These collections include historical films, photographs, school building plans, admission registers, teacher applications, inspector’s reports, yearbooks and published school histories. This website gives easy access to these collections’.
- Education Board
The Education Board during the period 1838 to the end of 1853. Includes the Secretary’s Letterbooks; Draft Reports by the Inspector of Schools and associated papers; and Reports and Proposals relating to an Education System.
- Education Department
Archives Office. Extensive records covering areas including Admission Registers, Student Record Cards, Examination Results, Records of Staff Meetings, Visitors Books, Inspection Reports and many more.
- Photos and plans
‘Finding photos and building plans for your school. To see if we have any photos or building plans for your school, click on the links [below] and then type in your school name. Not all photographs and plans are online. These records can be viewed and sometimes copied at our Reading Room at 91 Murray Street Hobart’.
- Schools and Education
‘School and education records including Admission registers, Inspectors reports, Teacher applications, Other education records’. An example is available here.
- The Companion to
Tasmanian History - Education
University of Tasmania.
- Access school student
‘You can access your school record, which includes details of your enrolment in a school. In most cases you should contact the school directly. Search to see if the school is still open and find their contact information’. Information/requirements also on how to : Access another person’s record; Non government schools; Getting advice; and Background information
- A History Of State
Education in Victoria
Victorian Department of Education and Training. First published 1922. Read online or download. You can also access copies here and here. Multiple formats available from all sites [e.g. PDF, ePub, Kindle, Text, Daisy].
- Education Act 1872
‘This law set up in Victoria the basis for a uniquely centralised model of school education, unlike those in Britain, the United States or Canada. Victoria was the first of the Australian colonies to set up a central public school system based on the principles of free, secular and compulsory education’. Transcript available in PDF or RTF, view online.
Education and Training, Victoria
- Freedom of Information Requests
- Available documents
Clarifies what can be asked for and from whom, limitations [dates] and other options.
- Records Management - School Records
‘Schools are responsible for creating, managing and appropriately disposing of public records in accordance with the Public Records Act 1973 [Vic]’. Policy, Guidance, Resources. Schools maintain most of their own records.
- Free education introduced
‘1872 : Free, compulsory and secular education introduced in Victoria’. National Museum of Australia.
- Public Record Office - Education
‘There are many records in our collection that relate to government schools. You will find records that track the establishment and maintenance of schools, provide details on students and teachers, and much more including plans of school sites and buildings. Apprenticeship records; Government school and pupil records; Government school building and property records; Non-government school teacher records; Non-government school records; School Photographs [1890-1993]; School records [1839-1873]; School records after 1873; and Related topics’.
- Researching Australian Education
‘This guide provides an overview of sources relevant to the history of education in Victoria and Australia’.
- School and education history in Victoria
‘State Library Victoria holds many resources including books, periodicals, images, maps, online databases and indexes which may help you with your research. We also refer you to other organisations that hold relevant records’.
- Victorian Aboriginal Education Association
‘The Victorian Aboriginal Education Association was first established in 1976 as the Victorian Aboriginal Education Consultative Group [VAECG]. Today VAEAI represents the Koorie Community in relation to education policy development and strategic programming at the local, state and national levels’.
- An Education in History
‘The early days of the Swan River Colony were very hard for the 850 settlers, who spent most of their time coming to terms with the very hostile climate of Western Australia. As a result the problem of educating the colony’s children took second place to survival’. Early days in education.
- Bibliography of The History of Education in Western
National Library of Australia. Book.
- Catholic Archdiocese of Perth - History
Includes educational history woven within the story of the Archdiocese.
- Catholic Education Western Australia - History
‘From its humble beginnings in 1843, when the first Catholic school opened in Perth, Catholic education in Western Australia has been responding to the needs of communities, providing a Catholic education for all families who seek it’.
- Education and
‘The State Records Office holds historical records that have been transferred from the Education Department of Western Australia [as well as predecessor and related agencies] and from individual government schools. Education Department; School Records; District School Boards; Tertiary Education Institutions; Other Education Related Records; and Further Information’. Links also to holdings in the Battye Library.
- Education in Western Australia -
Section of a larger Wikipedia document.
- Northcliffe School History
The Year 8 Class of 2004 ‘researched old school records and conducted interviews. This project was conducted in conjunction with the 80th Anniversary of the Northcliffe community. Covered : Oral History – Interview; Timeline; Settlement Schools; Current School Site; Map; Classrooms; Games and Playgrounds. We present the project to you in its entirety’.
- WA Deaf Education History
West Australian Foundation for Deaf Children. ‘In 1896, the West Australian Foundation for Deaf Children was formed and since then has played an invaluable role helping deaf children and their families, working tirelessly to ensure they receive the education, support and information they need’ Links to the WA Deaf Education History Group which ‘is currently working on preserving documents, photographs, and items related to the history of Deaf Education in Western Australia from 1896 to 2019’.
Indigenous Education History
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Education
An Introduction for the Teaching Profession. Chapter Abstracts for the whole text. Foreword, Contents and Contributor information is available for download here [PDF]. Chapters may be available from other sources such as university libraries.
- Aboriginal Education Consultative Group [NSW]- History
‘The NSW Aboriginal Education Consultative Group [AECG] began in 1977 as a committee of Aboriginal people invited by the Department of Education to advise it on Aboriginal Education’.
- Aboriginal Timeline : Education
Creative Spirits. Multiple filters available for viewing a timeline which runs from 1814 to 2020.
Historical Overview of Aboriginal Education Policies in the Australian Context
A chapter from the book “Indigenous Education : A learning journey for teachers, schools and communities” Available in PDF format from this page. A Preview of the chapter is available from this page.
- A NSW Aboriginal Education Timeline
Dr Allison Cadzow for the Board of Studies NSW. ‘This timeline briefly outlines some turning points and events in NSW institutional Aboriginal education from 1788 to 2007’.
to Aboriginal education
Creative Spirits. ‘Barriers include inappropriate teaching materials and a lack of Aboriginal role models. Aboriginal education requires connection to communities and informed parents.You can distinguish barriers to Aboriginal students’ education by several categories’ which are detailed.
- Closing the Gap
Multiple sections form this process, one of which is education. Education targets are found on the Targets page. Expand each educational target for Outcome, Target and Data. History of Closing the Gap is found on this page.
- Educating Aboriginal Children – Issues, Policy and
‘This chapter provides a snapshot of the issues that have shaped the educational experiences of Western Australian Aboriginal children over time. It describes the school education system, and the relative disadvantage of Aboriginal students within that system, in terms of participation, retention and attainment’. Part of a larger review.
- Education for Assimilation : A
Brief History of Aboriginal Education in Western Australia
Abstract and References are provided. Access may be available from multiple other sources such as university libraries. Many references provide Google Scholar links to copies of these documents.
- History of Indigenous Education
‘This book presents a history of Indigenous Education in Australia. It outlines the relevant government policies and key events over the last 230 years which have influenced the state of education today for Indigenous youth’.
- Mapping Indigenous Education
A Discussion Paper - N Biddle, B H Hunter, and R G.Schwab; 2004. ‘This paper illustrates that the most important factors explaining rates of educational participation of young Indigenous adults in order of importance’ [at the time written].
- Policies and Practices in Indigenous Education
- Annotated Timeline
‘This timeline will specifically examine the historical and contemporary perspectives on Indigenous Education’. Click on menu items on the left for details of each.
- The Australian Journal
of Indigenous Education
The journal ‘publishes papers and reports on the theory, method, and practice of Indigenous education. While AJIE has a particular focus on Indigenous education in Australia and Oceania, research which explores educational contexts and experiences around the globe are welcome’. As with other documents, it provides article details, abstract and references. Many of the referenced materials are available through Google Scholar. The journal may be available through other sources such as university and other libraries.
Development of Australian Universities Sector
‘The Australian university sector has grown rapidly since the middle 1980s after a history of relatively slow growth up until that point. It was not until after the war that the university sector started to develop momentum, albeit initially at a very slow rate. This began with the establishment of the Australian National University in 1946, followed by another three universities up until 1958’. Multiple listings including rankings, survey results, student numbers, more.
Development of Australian University Sector
‘The Australian university sector has grown rapidly since the middle 1980s after a history of relatively slow growth up until that point’. Links to additional data.
- Oldest Universities in Australia [by Foundation Year]
‘Our aim is to highlight which Australian Universities have the longest history and tradition and how this correlates to their uniRank University Ranking’.
- Tertiary Education in Australia
Wikipedia. This is the History section of a multi-section presentation covering information about Australian universities.
- Australian Catholic University -
‘Australian Catholic University [ACU] was opened on 1 January 1991 following the amalgamation of four Catholic tertiary institutions in eastern Australia. These institutions had their origins in the mid-1800s, when religious orders and institutes became involved in preparing teachers for Catholic schools and, later, nurses for Catholic hospitals’.
- Australian National University - Our History
Lists major points, Chancellors, Vice-Chancellors, more. A second page covers history, Post-War Origins and multiple other sections including external links. Also see Canberra University College 1930-1960 with a second page covering the College structure. This was a precursor to ANU.
‘Bond University [provided a] vision for Australia’s first private, not-for-profit university. Take a scroll through memory lane’ provides information in addition to the initial overview.
- CQUniversity - University History
‘The University was originally founded in Rockhampton in 1967 and was known as the Queensland Institute of Technology [Capricornia]. Now more than 20 years on, and following a merger with CQ TAFE on 1 July 2014, CQUniversity is responsible for providing a diverse range of training and education programs and courses to more than 30,000 students studying qualifications from certificate to post doctorate level’.
- Charles Darwin University Anniversary
‘Most information can be found through the Oral Histories section’.
- Charles Sturt University - Our history
‘Whilst we’ve been a university for more than 20 years, our history of professional education and research spans more than 100 years. This started with the establishment of the Bathurst Experimental Farm in 1895. Timeline; Campus Histories; Emblems and Colours; Ceremonial Symbols; Office Holders; Portraits and Paintings; Charles Napier Sturt’.
- Curtin University - History, historical timeline,
when it was established
‘In 1987 Curtin University of Technology became Western Australia’s third university and Australia’s first university of technology. History and Facts inform about the key organisational milestones in our subsequent journey to becoming the state’s largest and most multicultural university.
- Deakin University - History
‘From being the first Australian university to specialise in distance education to becoming the university with Victoria’s most satisfied students eight years running, Deakin has a long and illustrious history. Our history at a glance [time spans]’.
- Edith Cowan University - History
‘Edith Cowan University [ECU] is an Australian public university located in Perth, Western Australia. It was named after the first woman to be elected to an Australian Parliament, Edith Cowan, and is the only Australian university named after a woman’. This is the history section of the page.
- Federation University - Our History
‘Federation University Australia was formed when the former University of Ballarat and the Gippsland Campus of Monash University were amalgamated. Further historical information on the University is available through the Geoffrey Blainey Research Centre. The University's history dating back to 1870 has been documented and is available for viewing’.
- Flinders University - History
‘Our story is rich with milestones and highlights. View our interactive timeline’. Other information as well.
- Griffith University - History, Archive
Use the links at the top of the page to gather further information, e.g. Search, Campuses, Exhibitions.
- James Cook University - History
‘JCU is Queensland’s second oldest university. We offered our first courses in Townsville in 1961 as an annex of the University of Queensland. Since then we have become a dynamic, multi-campus university with a total of 17 500 students’.
- La Trobe University - Our history
‘La Trobe has been one of Australia’s pioneering universities for more than 50 years. Discover our unique history, including our motto and coat of arms’.
- Macquarie University - History
Wikipedia. Covers from establishment in the 1960s through to the current period.
- Monash University - A proud history
‘Early years; Growth; International Expansion; Our living history timeline’, more.
- Murdoch University - Our History
‘We pioneered access to a university education for people from diverse backgrounds, and are proud to see our students take their Murdoch education to the world to solve its challenges’.
- Queensland University of
Technology - History
Wikipedia. ‘Queensland University of Technology [QUT] has a history that dates to 1849 when the Brisbane School of Arts was established. Queensland Institute of Technology [QIT)]succeeded the Central Technical College and was formed in 1965. The current QUT was established as a university in 1989’.
- RMIT University - History
Wikipedia. A second page provides a A Timeline of RMIT History with summaries for listed years from 1887 to 2015.
- Southern Cross University History
‘This site has been developed to showcase stories, historical information and personal recollections of the University’s development. It includes a condensed Brief History of SCU from Teachers College (pre-1994) to University’.
- Swinburne University of Technology - Our
‘The Swinburne History Collection contains more than 8000 items that provide insights into the people, places and events that are significant to Swinburne University. This includes photographs, videos, audio, speeches, maps and building plans’.
- The University of Adelaide - History
‘The University of Adelaide was founded in 1874 with a noble goal: to prepare, for South Australia, young leaders shaped by education, rather than birth or wealth, in a settlement free of old-world social and religious inequalities. Making history; A progressive institution of many ‘firsts’; A reputation for excellence; The University of Adelaide Archives’.
- The University of Melbourne
‘Founded in 1853 by an Act of the Victorian Parliament, the University of Melbourne is a thriving internationally acknowledged research University. Website References include The History of the University Unit, University of Melbourne Archives, UMAIC’ and links re books about the history of the university.
- University of New South Wales - History
‘The University was incorporated by Act of the Parliament of New South Wales in Sydney in 1949, but its character and idea can be traced back to the formation of the Sydney Mechanics Institute in 1843, leading to the formation of the Sydney Technical College in 1878’.
- University of Newcastle - Living Histories
Slideshow showing important points along the way. There is a similar presentation for Chancellors and Vice-Chancellors Timeline.
- The University of Notre Dame Australia
‘Here are the  chapters of the incredible story of The University of Notre Dame Australia, as documented by Edward Molloy [President Emeritus University of Notre Dame Indiana] and Peter Tannock [Vice Chancellor Emeritus The University of Notre Dame Australia]’.
- The University of Queensland - History of UQ
‘Established through a 1909 Act of State Parliament, The University of Queensland was the first university in the state and was officially founded on April 16, 1910, with the gazettal of appointments to the first UQ Senate. Teaching started in 1911 in Old Government House in George Street, Brisbane’.
- The University of Sydney - Our Story
‘A History of thinking forward; Famous faces and quiet achievers; Milestones : from inauguration to present day; Prizes and honour roll;’ and more.
- The University of Western Australia - History of the
‘The University of Western Australia (UWA) was established in 1911 as the State's first university. It was also the first free university in the British Empire, actively promoting equal access to tertiary education for all social classes. Centenary celebrations; Former officers of the University; Holders of honorary degrees; Recipients of the Chancellor’s Medal; Hackett Students; Archives collection’.
- Torrens University - Our University
‘Torrens University Australia was recognised by an act of the South Australian parliament in 2013, making it the 40th university in Australia and the first new university for 20 years. Torrens University is a private university and is part of US-based Strategic Education’.
- University of Canberra - History
‘This site is a collection of materials that are a part of the history of the campus. Available on the site are past articles and materials on the University’s history’.
- University of New England [UNE] -
‘The vision of those who fought to establish Australia’s first regional university at Armidale in northern NSW came to fruition after years of work and development through numerous stages’.
- University of South Australia -
Wikipedia. A brief section of a larger information package about the university.
- University of Southern Queensland - Our
‘The USQ Historical Archives play an important role in preserving the history and memory of the University. Members of the public are welcome to view the various exhibitions and displays available’ Also check the University Timeline.
- University of Tasmania - Our History &
‘Founded in 1890, the University of Tasmania has a rich and proud history. Throughout our history we’ve been a stage for discoveries of global significance, a catalyst for social, economic and cultural development and – arguably most importantly – a place of life and learning’.
- University of Technology Sydney
Wikipedia. ‘The University of Technology Sydney originates from the Sydney Mechanics’ School of Arts [the oldest continuously running Mechanics’ Institute in Australia], which was established in 1833’.
- University of the Sunshine Coast - History and
‘Planning began for the Sunshine Coast University College in 1994. The University opened in 1996, becoming the first greenfield university to open in Australia since 1971’.
- University of Wollongong - History
‘The University of Wollongong traces its origins to 1951 when a Division of the then New South Wales University of Technology was established in Wollongong. Originally established as a provider of technical education for engineers and metallurgists required for the region’s steel industry, the University now offers a wide range of courses across four faculties’.
- Victoria University - Our
‘Historical context; The Centenary Campaign; The University of Opportunity & Success’. View Victoria University’s history in the Library.
- Western Sydney University - University
‘The University of Western Sydney [UWS] began operation on 1st January 1989, under the terms of the University of Western Sydney Act, 1988. However, the predecessors of the University date back as far as 1891 with the establishment of the Hawkesbury Agricultural College. The Act created a federated network university, based on two existing Colleges of Advanced Education - Hawkesbury Agricultural College and Nepean College of Advanced Education’.
- A history of technical education in Australia
: with special reference to the period before 1914
A PhD thesis from the University of Melbourne. Use the download link on the left hand side of the page. [Size - 58mb].
- History through the Decades
‘The history of the vocational education and training sector in the Northern Territory, including the NT Training Awards, has been collated and written by Dr Don Zoellner, Research Associate at the Northern Institute, Charles Darwin University’. You can also download a copy from this site.
- Our History - TAFE NSW
‘The story of TAFE NSW has been shaped by many impactful events throughout Australia’s history. At each momentous point in time, we have responded by matching the shifting demands of the workforce and the economy’.
- Evolution of
Apprenticeships and Traineeships in Australia : An Unfinished History
‘Traces the evolution of Australia’s apprenticeship system from European settlement in 1788 to the present day. Complements an earlier NCVER paper Apprenticeship in Australia : An Historical Snapshot . Concentrated on the second half of the 20th century’.
- Historical time
series of apprenticeships and traineeships in Australia : Infographic
‘This infographic presents a summary of training activity in apprenticeships and traineeships in Australia for the period 1963-2018’.
History of VET in Australia : Overview
‘Historical coverage of vocational education and training in Australia beyond the period covered by Gillian Goozee’s 1995 revised edition of Development of TAFE in Australia and timelines covering aspects of the development of vocational education and training’. Includes a detailed Landmark Documents in Australian VET 1969-2011 worth viewing. Both of these pages have been archived but are still available for consultation.
- VET in Schools
‘Information on participation, students, courses and qualifications, and subjects, relating to VET in Schools students of all ages, is included’.
The Development of TAFE in Australia
‘From the late 19th century until the 1990s’. Gillian Goozee
- VET Knowledge Bank [VOCEDplus]
‘The site contains a suite of products capturing Australia’ s diverse, complex and ever-changing vocational education and training [VET] system. It aims to provide a collected memory of VET reference information. The Knowledge Bank is a living, growing resource’. Among its contents are :
- A History Search List
More than 400 documents covering every aspect of the history of vocational education and TAFEs in Australia.
- History of VET
‘The aim of this product is to provide easy access to information that tells the story of VET in Australia. This page provides links to key documents and timelines’.
- History of VET in Australia
‘This webpage [archived in November 2012] provided an overview of the history of vocational education and training in Australia. It contained links to a range of documents and timelines’.
- History of VET - Milestones in the history of VET
‘This timeline highlights key events in the history of VET in Australia, starting with the 1952 Commonwealth-State Apprenticeship Inquiry which was the first national review of apprenticeships’. Also has links to related timelines.
- Landmark Documents
‘The term “landmark”, as used for this collection, refers to documents considered by history and authoritative commentary to have influenced the development of the system, providing vision and/or leading to significant reforms or widespread cultural/attitudinal change’.
Timeline of Australian VET policy initiatives 1998-2019
‘This timeline shows national, state and territory programs and policy initiatives over the past 22 years that may have influenced enrolments and completions of VET courses, apprenticeships and traineeships. It also includes economic events that may have impacted the education and training system and/or influenced its policy landscape’.
- A History of State Aid to Non-government Schools in Australia
‘A history of funding to non-government schools in Australia since colonial times and its evolution since World War II’. 2007 publication available in PDF format [1.3mb, 320 pages]. Pandora Archive.
- Australian National Museum of Education
‘Comprises an on-site repository at the University of Canberra and a distributed collection which aims to bring together in a virtual way, archival material held in by a national network of school museums registered as members’.
- Catholic education in
Wikipedia. This page opens to the History section related to Catholic education.
- Deaf Children Australia - History
‘Deaf Children Australia was established in 1862 in response to the needs of a deaf child and her family. It was then known as the Victorian Deaf and Dumb Institute. Our Bluestone Building was built in 1866 and has been the home of Deaf Education and support for deaf children and youth ever since. Learn of key historical events on our timeline. We recommend you use the latest version of Firefox or Chrome to view the timeline’ to get the best results.
- Dictionary of Educational History in Australia and New Zealand
‘Aims to provide a range of authoritative entries about the multifaceted history of education in Australia and New Zealand, including histories of various types of schools and schooling; teachers and teacher training; curricula and pedagogies; childhood and youth; educational purposes and policies; and educational philosophies’. All sections available as PDFs. Outstanding ! Examples of information included cover :
- Convict and Emancipist Teachers, New South Wales, 1789-1830
- Entries Tagged : Early Childhood
- State Aid to Non-government Schools, Australia, 1788-2013
- Teaching and Pedagogy, Australia, 1788-1850
- Doris Chadwick Collection
“History of School Education in Australasia”. 1890s to the 1960s. Scroll down to link D233. Most can only be accessed at the University of Wollongong. Some material available in PDF format.
- History of Music Education in Australia
Compiled by Robin Stevens. ‘This website is designed to provide basic information about the historical development of music education in Australia. Aside from the overview provided below. there are links to other pages which provide a listing of bibliographic sources for the history of music education in Australia and a gallery of portraits and biographical details for a number of prominent Australian music educators’.
- History of Nursing and
Nursing Education Archive
‘The focus of the archive is on documents and records related to the history of nursing and nurse education in Australia, including the bush nursing and army nursing in World War I and World War II’. Other material includes other countries [New Zealand, North America and United Kingdom].
- Schools in Australia :
“The 25 Years Since The Karmel Report [Conference Proceedings]”. Download from here.
- Student Data [DESE]
‘The Higher Education student data collection encompasses enrolments, equivalent full-time student load [unit of study data] and completions, and includes all Higher Education Institutions that have been approved under the Higher Education Support Act 2003’ Covers the period since 2004.
Schools Textbook Collection
‘Textbooks used in Australian primary and secondary schools wherever published’. Also workbooks, curricula, classroom manuals, tests. Many from the 19th century. One online gallery has School Day Memories, being covers from student workbooks of the 1930s. Similar sources include Looking Glass for the Mind [select relevant areas from the menu on the left, USA], School Reading Books of the 50’s, 60’s, 70’s and 80’s and Primary Readers [USA].
- Diversity in Australian Education
‘Stephen Dinham describes the characteristics of the Australian school system, particularly the latest developments in the area of curriculum and professional training ’.
Education Unions - History
- Our history : AEU ACT
‘The AEU ACT History Project. Articles, Photos, Documents’.
- History - AEU NT
‘Explore a brief snapshot of some key issues in the development and history of our union over the past 40 years’.
- History - AEU Victorian
Timeline showing major events and achievements.
- National Tertiary Education Union
‘NTEU was formed in 1993 by the amalgamation of five tertiary education unions. These organisations all saw benefits in forming a single, stronger union for the whole tertiary education industry’.
- National Union of Students
Wikipedia. Scroll down to the History section. The home page of the union is found at this link.
- NSW Teachers Federation - History
‘Throughout its history, Federation has campaigned long and hard on issues affecting public education, teachers’ salaries and teachers’ working conditions, those issues which are at the heart of teaching as a profession in New South Wales’.
- Queensland Teachers Union - History 1889 to 2019
‘On 9 January, 1889, 23 teachers and principals from schools across the colony of Queensland met in Brisbane to found the first teachers’ union on this continent. QTU Milestones’ are detailed.
- The Independent Education Union of Australia [IEUA]
‘The IEU has a long and rich history. It is the history of teachers working and acting together to ensure that their contribution to the provision of high quality education for their students is understood and valued by the community’.
- Free to Learn - The History of Progressive Education in Australia
Download the audio file from this ABC program.
- History - The Australian College of Educators
Scroll down to this section.
- History of Education Review
‘ The Australian and New Zealand History of Education Society publishes History of Education Review’. Access abstracts and descriptors for issues via this link.
- History of Montessori’s influence
in Australia Part 1
Beginnings of the Montessori movement in Australia. History of Montessori’s influence in Australia Part 2 Montessori’s educational ideas have impacted the wider educational context is found here.
- The Evolution of Education in
- The History
Of Distance Education In Australia
Quarterly Review of Distance Education, Vol. 6 #3, Elizabeth Stacey. Find which libraries provide access to this. Many in Australia do.
- The School of the Air and Remote
Information from The School of the Air. Use the timeline [1944-2013] to see changes and events during its lifetime. Find out what a typical day is like [Australian Geographic]. School of the Air provides several sections of information [use the menu on the top left of the page]. There is also a brief School of the Air Documentary here.
- The State High
School in History
Comparison of UK and Australia, mostly post WW11.
- What is the
oldest continually running school in Australia ?
Quora. ‘There are three possible answers, depending on how you define “school” and “continually running”’. The answer might surprise you !