The Olympic Games has both a modern and an ancient history. It has also expanded to be separate Winter and Summer Olympics with a Paralympics for disabled people. Events have changed over the era of the modern Olympics and continue to change.

The Ancient Olympics ran for over a millenium, finishing in 393 BCE. The modern Olympics began in 1896. Separate Winter and Summer Olympics in different years commenced in 1994. They were previously held in the same year. Australia and Greece are the only countries to have attended all summer games.

This page looks at The Ancient Olympics, Winter Olympics, Paralympics, Mascots & Symbols, media and other information including education materials.

The First Page looks at The Olympic Movement internationally and in Australia, The Modern Olympics, athletes, drug problems, major incidents, more.

This information is left available for use as required and will be fully updated as each Olympic Games approaches.


This section has information about the original Olympics, on which the modern format has been based. A number of athletes who competed and became famous in the Ancient Olympics are listed on the previous page.

  • Ancient Olympic Events
    ‘You can compare ancient and modern Olympic sports, tour the site of Olympia as it looks today, learn about the context of the Games and the Olympic spirit, or read about the Olympic athletes who were famous in ancient times’.
  • Ancient Olympic Games
    Covers origins, legends, history, events, famous athletes and a range of references and links. Wikipedia.
  • Ancient Olympic Games - Ancient Greece [Britannica]
    General introduction, Origins, Events, Women and The Olympics, Politics at the Games plus Demise of The Olympics.
  • How did The Olympic Games Begin ?
    From the BBC. Find information, answer selected questions and follow links to related material.
  • Olympics Through Time
    ‘The spirit of the Olympic Games. Learn their long history, explore their unknown aspects and discover the society that created them through a variety of activities’ Also includes a section on the modern Olympics.
  • The Ancient Olympic Games Virtual Museum
    ‘Welcome to the Ancient Olympic Games Virtual Museum. Here you will find a plethora of information about the contests that are the forefathers of our modern Olympic Games. In order to use this site, we ask that you register with us and accept our copyright agreement. There is no charge for using this site; however, you have to agree not to redistribute all or part of this site’.
  • The Origin of the Olympics
    A text based research article that explains some of the mythology and calendar information related to the creation of the games.
  • The True Story of the Ancient Olympic Games
    ‘Politics, nationalism, commercialism and athletics are often associated with the Modern Olympic Games, but these themes are as old as the games themselves. Explore the climate and circumstances surrounding the Ancient Olympic Games’.
  • The Real Story of The Ancient Olympic Games
    ‘It’s easy to assume that the Ancient Olympic Games were different, that ancient Greek athletes were pure in mind and body, that they trained and competed for no other reason than the love of physical exercise, fair competition and to honour their gods. But is this really true ? Well, no. In fact, politics, nationalism, commercialism and athletics were intimately related in the ancient Olympic Games’.
  • Top Ten Facts about the Ancient Olympic Games
    ‘There was wrestling, boxing and running, but did you know that there were separate games for women and that rule violations resulted in physical punishments ?’
  • Welcome to the Ancient Olympic Games
    ‘From boxing contests with no weight classifications or point scoring to chariot racing where danger lurked on every corner, it is easy to see why the Ancient Games enthralled the Greeks for so long. Here, we give you the essential lowdown and highlight our favourite facts’. Multiple sections covering a wide range of topics. You might also consider the information to be found in The all-time greats of the Ancient Olympic Games from the same source.

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The Olympics for those with disabilities. For scandals, see the previous page. Some paralympians are included in the list of Athletes on the previous page.

  • Paris 2024 Paralympic Games
    28 August - 8 September 2024. This site already has a diverse range of information about the Games. Monitor the link to keep up to date with all the decisions, events and people who will be involved. Other links will be added as these become active.
  • A Brief History of the Paralympic Games
    ‘From post-WWII rehabilitation to mega sport event’.
  • Australian Centre for Paralympic Studies Oral History Project
    National Library of Australia. ‘In 2010 the APC signed an agreement with the National Library of Australia to record the oral histories of a number of the people who were responsible for the growth and success of Paralympic sport in Australia. This oral history project will underpin a broader Australian Centre for Paralympic Studies project to capture and preserve the history of Paralympic sport’.
  • Australian Paralympic Committee
    Information about the games, Australian Paralympic athletes, sports, news, programs, supporting their efforts and much more.
  • Anti-Doping Home Page
    The Paralympic Anti-Doping stance. ‘Welcome to the anti-doping section of the IPC website. Use the anti-doping drop-down menu or click on the links [below] for more information’.
  • Community
    Sections covering News, Programs and AUS Adapts.
  • Events
    Listing of future events [see Calendar]. Information about the Paris [2024] Games and also information about the Tokyo [2020/1] and Beijing [2022] games.
  • Latest News
    News items about multiple aspects from organisational matters to individual athletes.
  • List of Australian Paralympic Medallists
    ‘This list includes Summer and Winter Australian Paralympic Medallists’. List only goes till 2014 Games at present. Wikipedia.
  • Meet our Athletes
    ‘Extraordinary stories from inspiring individuals. Everyone has a story to tell. This is your chance to meet your paralympians and find out what drives them to keep on achieving their dreams’.
  • Policies & Resources [Paralympics Australia]
    Includes ‘National Integrity Framework, Key Policies [see listing at the bottom of the page], Annual Reports and Australian Team Documents’.
  • The Australian Paralympic Education Program
    ‘The Australian Paralympic Education Program is providing free curriculum-linked resources for Australian school students along with ideas to support the Australian Paralympic Team at the Summer and Winter Paralympic Games’. Sections for Teachers, Students as well as Paralympians in Schools and an Australian Paralympian History Project.
  • Sport
    ‘Paralympic Sports; Get Involved; Classification; Para-sport Equipment Fund; Para-sport Coaching; and Sports Medicine’.
  • Paralympics Highlights : 1994 to 2016 [National Film and Sound Archive of Australia
    ‘This collection highlights memorable Australian moments at the Paralympic Games through news footage from the NFSA collection. We celebrate the stories and sporting achievements of athletes including Dylan Alcott, Louise Sauvage, Kurt Fearnley, Matt Cowdrey, Dan Michel, Ahmed Kelly, Siobhan Paton, Jacqueline Freney, Michael Milton and Australia’s wheelchair basketball and rugby teams’.
  • Blogs
    Read blogs from paralympians from around the world. Some of these include videos.
  • Classification
    How athletes are classified and information about their groupings. ‘Classification is the cornerstone of the Paralympic Movement. It determines which athletes are eligible to compete in a sport and how athletes are grouped together for competition. In Para sports, athletes are grouped by the degree of activity limitation resulting from the impairment. This, to a certain extent, is similar to grouping athletes by age, gender or weight’
  • Hall of Fame
    ‘The Paralympic Hall of Fame will ensure that a permanent record and institutional memory is kept of top Paralympic athletes and coaches of all time, thus honouring the performers who achieved a high and sustained level of success in our greatest events: the Paralympic Summer and Winter Games’.
  • Lists of Paralympic Medallists
    ‘This article includes lists of all Paralympic medalists since 1960, organised by each Paralympic sport or discipline, and also by Paralympiad’. It includes paralympians from around the world including Australia. Wikipedia.
  • Paralympic Games
    Information on Beijing, Vancouver, London and Sochi Games, past games, chosen cities to 2028 [Los Angeles] and principles behind the games.
  • Paralympic Education Program Takes Exciting New Step
    ‘The ongoing education of Australians on the value of Paralympic sport is about to be revolutionised’
  • Paralympic School Day
    ‘Paralympic School Day is an IPC educational program that aims to create awareness and understanding in schools about persons with an impairment. A Paralympic School Day kit contains a set of activities and background information, which can be used to educate children and youth about Paralympic sport, individual differences and disability issues in a fun and playful environment. Created by specialists in Paralympic sport, disability and pedagogy, the kit provides the skills, knowledge and resources to conduct a successful Paralympic School Day’
  • Sports
    ‘There are currently 28 Paralympic sports sanctioned by the IPC : 22 summer and six winter. The two newest sports to be given Paralympic status are badminton and taekwondo, which both made their debut at the Tokyo 2020 Games. The newest winter sport is snowboard, which was first introduced at the Sochi 2014 Paralympic Winter Games’.


  • Beijing 2022 - Paralympic Winter Games
    Information includes ‘Schedule, Medals, Athletes, Videos and Results’.
  • Tokyo 2020 [2021]
    A page for the last Summer Paralympic Games. Games were held from 24 August to 5 September 2021.
  • PyeongChang 2018 - Paralympic Winter Games
    ‘Results, News, Highlights, Sports, Countries, Athletes and Venues’.
  • Rio 2016 - Paralympic Games
    ‘About Rio 2016, Photos, Videos, News, Results, Mascot and Medals’.
  • Sochi 2014 - Paralympic Winter Games
    ‘About Sochi 2014, Photos, Videos, News, Results, Mascot and Medals’.
  • The History of the Paralympic Games [Paris 2024]
    ‘Paralympic history began in 1948 at a hospital for war veterans in Stoke Mandeville, located 60 kilometres north of London. The first International Stoke Mandeville Games were held in 1952, when a team of veterans from the Netherlands competed alongside the British teams. From then on, the Games were held every year. In 1954, the International Stoke Mandeville Games continued to develop, involving 14 countries. The ninth International Stoke Mandeville Games, considered the first Paralympic Games, took place from 18 to 25 September 1960 in Rome, six days after the closing ceremony of the Olympic Games’. A second site covering similar information can be found at The World War II Origins of the Paralympic Games.

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The Winter Olympics started about 30 years after the summer Olympics and were originally held in the same year. In 1994 they moved to the midpoint between summer Olympic Games.

  • Milano Cortina 2026
    6 - 22 February 2026. ‘Top athletes from around the world will participate in 16 Olympic disciplines at the Milano Cortina 2026 Games. Other top athletes from around the world will participate in 6 Paralympic disciplines at the Milano Cortina 2026 Games’. Details of the various disciplines are found on the above page, as well as links to a wide range of other information.



  • Australia at the Winter Olympics
    History; Infrastructure and training; Public Participation and support for winter sports; Results; Overview by sport; Australians at the Winter Paralympics; References; Links. Wikipedia
  • Olympic Winter Institute of Australia
    ‘The Australian Olympic Committee formed the Australian Institute of Winter Sports after the Nagano Winter Olympics in 1998, to enable the development of elite performances in winter sports by Australian athletes, through the provision of adequate funding, world-class sports programming and technical coaching’. It took the current name in 2001.
  • The Origin of the Winter Olympics
    Britannica. Basic coverage with links to further information.
  • Winter Olympic Games
    The history of the games and predictions into the future, looks at various sports, including discontinued sports, lists all Winter Games, links to further information. Wikipedia.
  • Winter Olympic Sports
    Alphabetical ‘List of Winter Olympic Sports and Events’.
  • Winter Olympics Through The Years
    Information on sports, medal winners, standings as well as general information on summer Olympics, all-time medal winners in various groupings and all-time Medal Standings.


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  • 60+ Key Stats About the Olympic and Paralympic Games
    ‘From History to Human Rights – Major Olympics and Paralympics statistics we think you should know’.
  • Education
    ‘Olympic Education is imparted through the Olympic Values Education Program, the Olympic Studies Centre, the Olympic World Library, the teaching resources of The Olympic Museum and the YOG Education Program at Youth Sporting Events’.
  • Educator Resources
    We have provided ‘a suite of educator resources designed for the Lower Primary, Upper Primary and Secondary Schools in Australia. To start your planning, review the relevant Educator Guide for Lower Primary, Upper Primary and Secondary. These Guides provide an overview of the lessons, time allocation, student learning and the resources required’.
  • Going for gold : Research Topics on the Olympic and Paralympic Games [Frontiers]
    ‘Curious about the science behind the games ? We have curated a list of our best Research Topics on everything Olympic and Paralympic. Enjoy research spanning from the latest insights on new addition sports climbing and athlete hydration strategies to para-athlete mental health and sustainability in sports mega-events’.
  • Let’s learn about the science of the Winter Olympics
    ‘From scientific innovations to climate change, there’s plenty of science among the sport’.
  • Olympic Games - Years 3 and 4
    ‘Take a look through this fantastic collection of Olympics resources for Year 3 - 4 children. There is plenty here to help you in lessons during the week of the Olympic Games to help entertain and inspire your children during this special sporting event’. There are also resources for Winter Olympics for the same year levels.
  • Summer Olympics Games Science
    ‘During the summer Olympics, people all over the world become enthralled by the feats of strength, stamina and skill of the athletes competing in the games. Try these simple experiments to understand a little more of the science behind the sports’. Do so with supervision by a responsible person.
  • Teaching Resources - The Olympic Museum
    ‘A wide range of teaching tools are available from The Museum according to theme. These materials were created with the help of teachers and education experts in the fields and they are available to any teacher who wishes to address these Olympic themes. To find out more, you can also check out the Olympic Studies Centre pages’.
  • Thematic Units - The Summer Olympics
    ‘You will find various Lesson Plans on the top portion of this page. Further down, you will find Web Sites. We have a page full of Books that you can order’.
  • The Olympic Games Teaching Resources [Teach Starter]
    ‘An extensive collection of resources to use with your students when the Olympic Games are on. Download a range of vibrant Olympic sports posters, countdown posters, medal tallies, vocabulary word walls, Olympic themed activities and much more. Also included is a research task about nutrition, an athlete profile template and an Olympic Games comprehension task and sequencing task relating to the opening ceremony’.
  • The Olympics, Education Links
    Annotated links to sites useful for education about the Olympics. [While not updated for some time, there are still many links which will help in this area.]
  • The Science of the Winter Olympics [Science Friday]
    ‘Exploring the science and tech behind the world’s greatest winter sports competition, e.g. The Physics Of Figure Skating’.


  • 10 Of The Greatest Olympic Moments Ever
    ‘Enjoy our compilation of 10 of the greatest Olympic Moments ever !’ [5:37]
  • International Olympic Truce Centre
    ‘The International Olympic Truce Centre’s mission is to promote the Olympic Ideals, to serve peace and friendship and to cultivate international understanding. The Centre’s wider and long-term objective is the creation and continuous promotion of the adoption of a Culture of Peace which respects human rights’.
  • Interesting Olympic Facts
    Covers information from symbols to diplomats, women’s involvement, counting Olympiads and more. Newsfeed, videos, articles and much more.
  • Marcolympics
    One man’s collection, not only of information about each modern games, but also a significant range of images of tickets, programs, posters and other materials. Includes the Youth Olympics and Paralympics. Currently said to be under maintenance.
  • Olympic Channel
    ‘Unlock the past and present of Olympic Games and dive into captivating original series. Experience non-stop Olympic Channel TV, offering 24/7 access to relive iconic moments and discover new stories from the greatest movement in sports’.
  • Olympic Games
    Information on both Ancient and Modern games, their revival, problems, ceremonies, champions, host cities, medals, symbols, amateurism/professionalism and more. Wikipedia.
  • Olympic Games Museum
    ‘On more than 350 pages featuring about 2 500 pictures, you can have a look at memorable moments of the Olympic Summer Games. The museums’s web page is not fully completed yet and is continually being worked on and extended’.
  • Olympic History Quizzes
    ‘291 Olympic Games quizzes and 4 074 Olympic Games trivia questions and fun facts’. Try these fun quizzes. They may be harder than you think. They cover Summer and Winter Games and Olympic History.
  • Olympics Timeline
    [From ancient Greece to 1948]
    Brief notes, with links to further information. The Timeline : Olympics, 1950s -1980s covers a later period while Timeline : Olympics, 1990s - Present Day finishes up till the most recent event.
  • The Olympic Games -
    ‘The Olympics in Ancient Greece; Decline and Revival of the Olympic Tradition; The Olympics Through the Years’. Last updated June 2023.
  • The Olympic Games Story for Kids
    ‘Want to know the origins of the Olympic Games ? Where it all started ? Check out our quick and colourful guide for kids and let our movie tell you how it all began’. [7:30]
  • The Olympics [Teaching Times]
    UK. ‘A themed project plan embracing the Olympics from its every angle for use at Key Stages 2 and 3, presenting an ongoing opportunity to celebrate the event with a series of thinking skills activities and resources’.

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Symbols include the Olympic Rings and other logos, the Oath, the Torch Relay, the Flag and various ceremonies. Mascots have only existed since the Winter Olympics in 1968 and the Summer Olympics of 1972.


  • Fatso the Fat-Arsed Wombat
    ‘An “unofficial” mascot of the Sydney 2000 Summer Olympics. A truly Australian version of a mascot. Links to other mascot collections, including Olympic mascots, Australian Mascots and Australian sporting mascots. Wikipedia.
  • List of Paralympic Mascots
    Covers both summer and winter Paralympics from 2008 to 2022. Wikipedia.
  • Olympic Mascot Miraitowa
    Tokyo Olympic Games Mascot. Also includes mascots for events from 2016 to Paris in 2024.
  • Olympics Part 6 : Meet mascots Miraitowa and Someity
    ‘Tokyo 2021 Olympic Mascot : Miraitowa and Tokyo 2021 Paralympic Mascot : Someity’.
  • Olympic Mascots
    ‘Olympic mascots are the ambassadors of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. They embody the spirit of the Olympics and play a vital role in welcoming athletes and visitors to the Games’. All mascots since Grenoble in 1968.
  • Olympic Mascots [theolympicdesign.cpom]
    ‘The Olympic Mascots are characters, usually an animal native to the area or occasionally human figures, who represents the cultural heritage of the place where the Olympic Games are taking place. The mascot serves to inject a sense of personality into the Games, capturing the styles, traditions and cultures, in an animated form, of the people of the host country’. List from 1964 to Paris 2024.


  • 2020 Summer Olympic Pictograms
    ‘The 2020 Summer Olympic pictograms are visual graphic symbols used to represent each sport in competition games of the 2020 Summer Olympics [50 in all]’.
  • A look back at the emblems of the Olympic Games
    ‘To mark the unveiling of the Paris 2024 Games emblem, takes a look back at some of the most well-known emblems from Olympic Games editions in the modern era, stretching back over a century’.
  • Olympic Oath
    What it is, history and a listing of those who have taken it on behalf of both athletes and judges. Wikipedia.
  • Olympic Summer Games Emblems
    Lists all since their inception in 1932, with a graphic plus related information and goes on to London 2012. There is a link to the Olympic Winter Games Emblems, from 1932 to 2010. There are also links to other items such as Medals, Mascots, Torches, Posters and Games Facts.
  • Olympic Symbols
    ‘The Olympic symbols include icons, flags and symbols used by the International Olympic Committee to elevate the Olympic Games’. Motto and Creed; Rings; Different types of flags; Flame and torch relay; Medals and diplomas; Anthems; Kotinos [Olive Wreath]; Olympic salute; Mascots, Intellectual property; links. Wikipedia.
  • The Olympic Rings
    A page from the Olympic Organisation which covers specific information on the rings, the motto and the flame, as well as their role in the culture of The Olympics.
  • The Olympics - Symbols [History]
    Includes the following - ‘Olive Branch, Medals, Olympic Rings, Olympic Flag, Doves, Olympic Flame/Olympic Torch, The Olympic Oath and The Olympic Motto’.
  • The Olympic Symbol and other elements of the Olympic Identity
    FAQs. A range of FAQs ranging from What are the Olympic properties ? via Who created the Olympic rings symbol ? to Who is the owner of the properties of one Games edition ?. Each posed questions also has Learn more links to additional, related information.
  • What do the Olympic Rings represent ?
    ‘The Olympic rings represent the five continents of the world that are united by Olympism. The five interlocking rings - blue, yellow, black, green and red, are symbols of the five continents of the world - Africa, America, Asia, Europe and Oceania - that are united by Olympism. The flag was designed in 1913 by Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the International Olympic Committee’.
  • What is the story behind the Olympic rings ?
    Article providing easy to understand information about these. Interesting presentation.
  • Why Were the Five Colours of the Olympic Rings Chosen ? Several pieces of information plus links to further detail.


A surprising number of movies and television programs have been made about the Olympics. Only the title and a brief description are provided for individual items in this collection. Some are fee-based, some you can buy/rent, some can be seen on pay television while a number have selections you can watch.

  • Internet Movie Database
    Enter “The Games” in the search box to find a list of possibilities, some irrelevant, others on specific games of different Olympiads. Some are television series. Check items for 1970 [1:40:00] and 1998 [26 episodes, each of 30mins.] Both titled ‘The Games’. Selections from these are available to view. [See individual entries for these two items below.]
  • Olympic Television Archive Bureau
    ‘Delivering unique clips and defining moments from the Summer and Winter games and the most emotive visual content available. All from one exceptional library’. Fee-based.
  • Chariots of Fire
    ‘Chariots of Fire is a 1981 British historical drama film. It tells the fact-based story of two athletes in the 1924 Olympics’. Links to sources of the film. Production, Historical accuracy, London Olympics’ 2012 revival, References, Notes and External Links. Wikipedia.
  • Cool Runnings
    ‘Inspired by the true story of the first Jamaican Olympic Bobsled Team’. [1:38:00]
  • Downhill Racer
    ‘Quietly cocky Robert Redford joins U.S. ski team as downhill racer and clashes with the team’s coach, played by Gene Hackman. Lots of good skiing action leading to an exciting climax’. Trailer available. Other options. [1:41:00]
  • Fists of Freedom
    ‘Documentary leading up to, during and after the 1968 Summer Olympic Games in Mexico City. Features interviews with athletes, including John Carlos, Tommie Smith and George Foreman, activist Dr. Harry Edwards, journalists and archival footage of the Games and the fallout after the raised fisted gloves by Carlos and Smith’. [59:00]
  • Miracle on Ice
    ‘How the U.S. Olympic hockey team beat the Soviets at the 1980 Lake Placid, N. Y., Winter Olympics, then went on to win the gold medal Games’. Made for television. [2:30:00]
  • Munich
    ‘After the Black September capture and massacre of Israeli athletes at the 1972 Olympics, five men are chosen to eliminate the people responsible for that fateful day’. [1:44:00]
  • Olympia 1 Teil - Fest der Völker
    ‘The document of the 1936 Olympics held in Berlin, orchestrated as Nazi propaganda’. [66:00] Leni Riefenstahl. Olympia Part Two : Festival of Beauty [96:00] is also listed. Also check this Wikipedia site for further information about the movie.
  • Olympia and the Olympic Games
    Documentary. ‘Learn how games were played in the 8th century BC and what rules the athletes of the time had to follow’. [51:26]
  • Olympics
    ‘Welcome to the Olympics YouTube channel, where the Games never end ! From the best musical moments at the Olympic Games in our Music Monday series to weekly compilation videos with highlights from the Olympics on Fridays, plus exclusive documentaries about the stories behind the glory, this is where you can find everything about the biggest sporting event in the world’.
  • The Ancient Greek Olympics [776 BC-393 AD]
    ‘The Olympic Games began in ancient Greece in July 776 BC at Olympia. However, it is thought the games began many years before. As a festival with athletic events staged to honour the god, Zeus, the Olympics also united individual Greek city-states and colonies in competition’. [8:24]
  • The Cutting Edge
    It is suggested The Taming of the Shrew on ice could be another name. A Skating movie where ‘a temperamental figure skater and an arrogant former hockey player attempt to win the Olympic Gold Medal as a figure skating pairs team’. [1:41]
  • The Games
    ‘Four marathon runners [one from England, one from the U.S., a Czech and an Australian Aborigine] prepare to run in the Olympic games’. Also see link above for this. [1:40]
  • The Games [ABC]
    ‘This is a mischievous Australian, deadpan comedy, which takes a satirical look at the bureaucrats as they orchestrate the extravaganza that will be the 2000 Olympic Games’. Trailer available. Made for television by the ABC.
    Highly Recommended !
  • The Olympics for Kids
    ‘Learn about the Olympics in this video for kids ! You will learn about the modern Olympic Games and will also learn the history of this amazing, worldwide sports event’. [7:07]
  • The Sydney 2000 Olympics - The Complete Film
    ‘Enjoy the full length cut of our retrospective of the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games in this in-depth documentary film’. [1:56min:41].

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