AUSSIE EDUCATOR

The Olympics

The Olympic Games has both a modern and an ancient history. It has also expanded to be separate Winter and Summer Olympics with a Paralympics for disabled people. Events have changed over the era of the modern Olympics and continue to change.

The Ancient Olympics ran for over a millenium, finishing in 393 BCE. The modern Olympics began in 1896. Separate Winter and Summer Olympics in different years commenced in 1994. They were previously held in the same year. Australia and Greece are the only countries to have attended all summer games.

This page looks at The Olympic Movement internationally and in Australia, The Modern Olympics, athletes, drug problems, major incidents, more.

The Second Page looks at The Ancient Olympics, Winter Olympics, Paralympics, Mascots & Symbols, media and other information including education materials.

This information is left available for use as required and will be fully updated as future Olympic Games approach.

Modern Olympics

Australian Olympic Committees

  • Australian Olympic Committee
    ‘The official website of the Australian Olympic Committee’. Includes education, Sports [summer, winter and discontinued], athletes & coaches, multimedia gallery and more.
  • Australian Youth Olympic Festival
    The Australian Youth Olympic Festival [AYOF] is run by the Australian Olympic Committee and leads into the Youth Olympics. For more on these, scroll down this page then use the links to find information on specific games.
  • New !Tokyo 2020
    Held in 2021. All the information about the Australian team, preparations and more.

International Olympic Movement

The governing body that runs the Olympics and all involved with this including the Presidents of the IOC.

  • Updated !Documents
    ‘List of all documents published on [the International Olympics Committee] website. Contains major reports, studies, publications and information regarding the Olympic Movement’.
  • Updated !Olympic Values Education Program
    ‘A series of free and accessible teaching resources that have been created by the IOC. Using the context of Olympic sports and the core principles of Olympism, participants are encouraged to experience values-based learning and to assume the responsibilities of good citizenship’.
  • News
    ‘Find news including events, calendars and live results from sporting events’.
  • Updated !Olympic Channel
    A range of visual presentations.
  • New !Olympic Medal Records
    ‘Your source for event results and medallists from every Olympic Games’. Find Updated !Winter Olympic Medal Records here.
  • Updated !Philatelic and Numismatic Programs
    ‘Organising Committees also run philatelic and numismatic programs that benefit the Olympic Movement’.
  • Updated !The International Olympic Committee
    ‘The IOC guarantees the promotion of Olympism and the smooth running of the Games in accordance with the Olympic Charter. Discover in detail the structures, missions and financing of this prominent institution’.
  • Updated !Youth Olympic Games
    You can also find a range of Documents here.

Modern Olympics

  • Paris 2024
    26 July to 11 August 2024. ‘The Olympic and Paralympic Games are the world’s largest sporting event. It is now Paris’s turn to welcome visitors from all over the world to celebrate the Olympic and Paralympic values’. Use the menu at the top, left of the page for further information and monitor regularly for additional links as we get closer to the event.

Previous Olympics

Tokyo 2020 [2021]

Previously planned for 2020, but postponed due to the Covid pandemic. The event took place from 23 July to 8 August 2021. ‘It was largely held behind closed doors with no public spectators permitted due to the declaration of a state of emergency in the Greater Tokyo Area in response to the pandemic, the first and so far only Olympic Games to be held without official spectators’.

Lillehammer, 2016

Rio de Janeiro, 2016

  • Rio 2016
    The ‘Australian Olympic Committee’ site for these games.
  • Rio de Janeiro 2016
    ‘Official website of the Olympic Movement’ for the summer Olympics and the Paralympics. A listing of the Olympic Sports is provided here.

Other Olympics

Future Olympics

  • New !LA 2028 Summer Olympics - Los Angeles, USA
    ‘The LA28 Olympic and Paralympic Games will celebrate our community’s diversity and creativity to collectively design a Games we all want to be a part of’. A second site established by the International Olympic Committee can be found at New !LA 2028 Summer Olympics. Dates for both games are provided on the site.
  • New !Brisbane 2032 Olympic and Paralympic Games
    ‘Australia has a love affair with the Olympic Games, reflected in the fact that we are one of only two countries that have sent athletes to every modern Olympic Games. Now we have Australia’s third opportunity to host the world’s greatest sporting event and we intend to build on the innovation and successes of Sydney 2000 and Melbourne 1956’. A second site established by the International Olympic Committee can be found at New !Brisbane 2032, Dates for both games are provided on the site.

Sites of the Modern Olympics

  • Updated !Future Host Election
    Infographic, process information, news, events, more.
  • GamesBids
    ‘The purpose of our publication is to keep readers independently informed and up-to-date with information about the Olympic Bid process and candidate city bids from around the world. Bids have a major impact on the future of the bid cities and it is important that everyone be informed and involved’.
  • New !Your Guide to Every City Hosting the Olympics Through 2032
    ‘Here’s our guide to all future Olympics - and what to expect from each host city as their moment in the global spotlight nears’. Extends to 2032.

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The Bumpy Road to The Olympics

Boycotts, Scandals, Obstacles & Disasters. This does not include those on drug use, which you will find in another section below.

Boycotts

  • 1976 Montreal Olympics Boycott
    ‘The 1976 Montreal Olympic games were quite controversial as they were marred with boycotts, due to the fact that New Zealand was taking part within the Olympics after creating ties with South Africa which was in an apartheid era’.
  • A History of Boycotts of the Olympic Games
    Covers a range of boycotts, and proposed boycotts, up till 2014.
  • 1980 Summer Olympics Boycott
    ‘The American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow was a part of a package of actions to protest against the December 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan’. An alternative event called the Liberty Bell Classic was held in Philadelphia, USA. Wikipedia.
  • Olympic Boycott Games
    ‘Alternative events were arranged for those nations boycotting the 1980 and 1984 Olympic Games’. The results for each are provided here.
  • 1984 Summer Olympics Boycott
    This ‘followed the American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow’. 14 Eastern Bloc countries boycotted the games. A separate games, called the Druzhba [Friendship] Games were held. Wikipedia.

Cancelled Games

  • 1916 Summer Olympics
    Basic information on these games, which did not go ahead because of World War I. Originally to have been held in Berlin. Their organisation continued for some time as it was not believed the war would last that long. Wikipedia.
  • 1940 Summer Olympics
    Basic information on these games, which did not go ahead because of World War II. Originally to have been held in Tokyo, they were transferred to Helsinki before being cancelled. Wikipedia.
  • 1944 Summer Olympics
    Basic information on these games, which did not go ahead because of World War II. Originally to have been held in London, which gained the 1948 games without an election being held. Wikipedia.

Other Information

  • Civil Disobedience
    ‘The photographs of two black American sprinters standing on the medal podium with heads bowed and fists raised at the Mexico City Games in 1968 not only represent one of the most memorable moments in Olympic history but a milestone in America’s civil rights movement’.
  • Cheating at the Paralympic Games
    ‘Cheating at the Paralympic Games has caused scandals that have significantly changed the way in which the International Paralympic Committee run the events. Testing for performance-enhancing drugs has become stricter and more widespread throughout the Games, with powerlifting seeing the most positive results. Competitors without disabilities have also competed in some Paralympic Games’. Wikipedia.
  • List of stripped Olympic Medals
    ‘The International Olympic Committee [IOC] is the governing body that can rule when athletes are in violation of rules in the Olympic Games. Nearly all of the stripped medals involve infractions stemming from doping and drug testing’. A few have been returned, e.g. Jim Thorpe [70 years later, and after he had died].
  • Munich Massacre
    ‘The Munich massacre occurred during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, West Germany, when members of the Israeli Olympic team were taken hostage by Black September. By the end of the ordeal, the terrorist group had murdered eleven Israeli athletes and coaches and one German police officer. Five of the eight terrorists were killed by police officers during an abortive rescue attempt’. Wikipedia.
  • 1904 Marathon
    Strychnine, travelling by car, some chased away from the race by dogs and this was only part of the fiasco. Another site covering the same topic is Olympic Follies, sub-titled ‘Amateur glory of Olympics in the early twentieth century upheld in wacky marathon’.
  • Olympic Torch Protest [2008]
    News, links to additional sites, video and more.
  • Winter Olympic Bid Scandal 2002
    Extensive details, from previous unsuccessful bids, with links to further information. Wikipedia.

Drugs and the Olympics

Includes information about drugs, the bodies designed to catch users and some known examples of drug usage.

Agencies

  • Updated !Court of Arbitration for Sport
    ‘The Court of Arbitration for Sport [CAS] is an institution independent of any sports organisation which provides for services in order to facilitate the settlement of sports-related disputes through arbitration or mediation by means of procedural rules adapted to the specific needs of the sports world’. Covers appeals against suspensions for drug-related offences as well as other areas.
  • Sport Integrity Australia
    ‘We are a new organisation combining the functions of the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority, the National Integrity of Sport Unit and the nationally focused integrity functions of Sport Australia’. Check the Publications/Forms & Education of the Resources [top menu] for lesson material.
  • World Anti-Doping Agency
    ‘Established on 10 November 1999 in Lausanne to promote and co-ordinate the fight against doping in sport internationally. WADA was set up as a foundation under the initiative of the IOC’. A second site for information can be found on Wikipedia.

General Information

  • 10 Biggest Doping Scandals in Olympics History
    ‘Here are some of the biggest doping scandals in modern Olympics history’.
  • Anti-Doping Resources
  • Doping at the Olympic Games
    ‘The International Olympic Committee introduced the first doping controls at the Olympic Games in 1968. Here is the list of all the athletes disqualified from the Games for failing drug tests, with the indication of the withdrawn medal[s], if any’. The information covers both Summer and Winter Olympics.
  • Doping in Sport
    While covering many areas, it covers several related to the Olympics, including the use of strychnine in 1904, the use of benzedrine [suggested at the 1936 Berlin Olympics], testosterone and steroids in weightlifting as early as the 1950s, the case of East German athletes, the 2002 Winter Olympics and more. Wikipedia.
  • Drugs in Sport
    ‘Modern sport is plagued by suspicions that many top athletes resort to drug-taking - doping - to enhance their performance, but this is not a new phenomenon. Its origins can be traced as far back as the ancient Olympics’.
  • Updated !IAAF provisionally suspends Russian Member Federation [ARAF]
    While there is a chance Russian athletes will be able to compete at this year’s Olympic Games, there is considerable doubt as a result of this suspension.

Specific Instances

  • Updated !Ben Johnson
    Among the most famous doping cases until recent years. Covers complete background to the discovery and events that followed. Additional references and external links. Wikipedia.
  • Marion Jones
    Covers her career, the use of drugs, other difficulties, achievements, notes, references and links to further information. You could also use this site for a briefer presentation.
  • Sun Yang : Chinese swimmer handed 8-year ban
    ‘China’s Sun Yang has been handed an eight-year ban from swimming the Court of Arbitration for Sport [CAS]’.

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Athletes

Famous Olympians

A limited collection of notable Olympians. Those included not only gained outstanding achievement, but made a lasting imprint because of who they are/were and what she/he did. Present day athletes are not included as they will be covered at the time of the Olympics.

Australian

Ancient Olympics

Modern Olympics

Medal Winners

  • Olympic Games Medallists
    ‘This compilation includes a complete list of medallists in all sports [those no longer on the program are in italics]. In 1896 and 1900 winners were awarded Silver medals and runners-up Copper or Bronze medals [with no awards for third], however are still shown as Gold, Silver and Bronze medallists for consistency with later years. The status of many events held in 1900 and 1904 is questionable’.
  • Olympic Results
    From the IOC. ‘Your source for event results and medallists from every Olympic Games’.
  • Summer Olympics Legends
    Online Reading lessons, with an online book covering 5 famous Olympians [limited vocabulary] and lesson plans.

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