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ANZAC Day

WWI Australian Soldier, War Memorial

’The ANZAC tradition - the ideals of courage, endurance and mateship that are still relevant today - was established on 25 April, 1915 when the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps landed on the Gallipoli Peninsula.

It was the start of a campaign that lasted eight months and resulted in some 25 000 Australian casualties, including 8 700 who were killed or died of wounds or disease.

The men who served on the Gallipoli Peninsula created a legend, adding the word ‘ANZAC’ to our vocabulary and creating the idea of the ANZAC spirit.

In 1916, the first anniversary of the landing was observed in Australia, New Zealand and England and by troops in Egypt. That year, 25 April was officially named ‘ANZAC Day’ by the Acting Prime Minister, George Pearce.

By the 1920s, ANZAC Day ceremonies were held throughout Australia. All States had designated ANZAC Day as a public holiday. In the 1940s, Second World War veterans joined parades around the country. In the ensuing decades, returned servicemen and women from the conflicts in Korea, Malaya, Indonesia, Vietnam and Iraq, Afghanistan, veterans from allied countries and peacekeepers joined the parades.

During the 1960s and 1970s, the number of people attending the ceremonies fell as Australians questioned the relevance of ANZAC Day. However, in the 1990s there was a resurgence of interest in ANZAC Day, with attendances, particularly by young people, increasing across Australia and with many making the pilgrimage to the Gallipoli Peninsula to attend the Dawn Service’. 1

The ANZAC Day page covers history, traditions, services, Order of Service, information from New Zealand and Turkish viewpoints, images, music downloads, more.

ANZAC Centenary

  • Anzac Centenary
    ‘The Anzac Centenary is a milestone of special significance to all Australians. During the Anzac Centenary we will remember not only the original ANZACs who served at Gallipoli and the Western Front, but commemorate more than a century of service by Australian servicemen and women’. Runs from 2014 to 2018.
  • ANZAC Centenary [FTfs]
    ‘Facts and general information for students with a focus on the ANZAC Centenary, its history, commemorations and ongoing meaning to Australians. Find a selection of curriculum-linked lesson ideas and accompanying student activity sheets and extra resources’.
  • WW100 New Zealand
    This is a similar site to the Australian one. The ‘programme will mark the First World War centenary from 2014 to 2019 [when our troops came home] - through a range of events, activities and projects in all parts of the country’.

ANZAC Day Service and Speeches

State Information

  • ANZAC Day [ACT]
    Details about, and organisation of, the ANZAC Day commemorations in the ACT. From RSL ACT.
  • ANZAC Day [Sydney]
    Start times, guidelines, map. Links to services being held by other RSL branches around NSW. Information about the History of ANZAC Day, The ANZAC March, even the ANZAC Day Appeal that is run by them. Other military information as well.
  • ANZAC Day [Qld]
    Find information about services across Queensland via this site at RSL Queensland.
  • ANZAC Day [SA]
    ANZAC Day Services in Adelaide and other centres, Youth Vigils, Unit Reunions, organisational details. RSL South Australia.
  • ANZAC Day Commemorations [Tas]
    Find information about the commemorations to be held in Hobart as well as links to commemorations in other parts of Tasmania. RSL Tasmania. Select “Commemorations” from the top menu, then “ANZAC Day” from the sub-menu
  • ANZAC Day [Vic.]
    History, The Dawn Service, Order of March, March Protocol, ANZAC Day Activities. From RSL Victoria.
  • ANZAC Day [WA]
    Four major sections of information from RSL Western Australia : ANZAC Requiem, ANZAC Spirit, ANZAC History and ANZAC Education.

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Gallipoli

  • ANZAC Troops at Gallipoli
    ‘The Australian War memorial has released rarely seen film taken at ANZAC Cove and Suvla Bay in 1915. Get the Flash Player to see this video player’.
  • Australians in World War I : Gallipoli
    Department of Veterans’ Affairs. ‘Contains a selection of images and a brief history of the campaign’. Education activities are available as well.
  • BBC iWonder - Gallipoli : Why do Australians celebrate a military disaster ?
    A section of the BBC’s information on World War 1.
  • Despatches From Gallipoli
    ‘Charles Bean, Keith Murdoch, Phillip Schuler and Charles Smith were four Australians who went to Gallipoli as journalists during World War 1. This website aims to introduce these men and their writing, as well as to highlight their role in the development of an Australian identity’. Site is now archived.
  • Gallipoli 1915
    ‘Gallipoli 1915 uses material prepared for the Gallipoli 2 000 Battlefield Study Tour by staff of the Imperial War Museum and the Australian War Memorial. The video, sound and photographs this site contains complement the illustrated documents on key aspects of the campaign’.
  • Gallipoli and the Anzacs
    News, timelines, bravery , nurses at Gallipoli, art, images, designs, interactive plans, war graves, Anzac Day at Gallipoli, more.
  • New ! Gallipoli and the Great War
    Free Podcast by La Trobe University. ‘The Anzac involvement in the Gallipoli Campaign has had a lasting cultural impact in Australia. These podcasts will draw together different perspectives on Gallipoli, the ANZACs and the Great War’.
  • Gallipoli Landings
    Text based information from the development of the campaign on.
  • Gallipoli : The First Day
    ‘An ABC 3D documentary site about the WW1 ANZAC landing at Gallipoli, on 25 April 1915. Winner of the inaugural AFI Award for Innovation in Screen Content 2009’. See the requirements for the 3D version.
    Brilliant !
  • Glossary of Slang and Peculiar Terms in Use in the A.I.F.
    Australian National Dictionary Centre. ‘This is an annotated edition of the Glossary. There is the original entry [errors are corrected; the original manuscript retains all spelling and grammatical idiosyncrasies]; a line providing information about the word [for example, if it was generally used, if it was Australian, and so on], the first date it was recorded, and a reference to other texts that attest to the word’s usage’. Soldier’s Slang, compiled by the Australian War Memorial, also has examples of these words and expressions.
  • Investigating Gallipoli
    ‘Designed for primary students in years 4-6, and focuses on the campaign and the experiences of the Anzacs at Gallipoli in 1915. Students use collected evidence to create their own storybook. The published resource includes a copy of the ABC website Gallipoli, The First Day and a DVD Video containing a documentary on Gallipoli : Australians at War Episode Two’.
  • Jack Hazlitt - World War 1 Digger
    A video clip in which a ‘World War 1 digger reflects on his work as a runner in the trenches at Gallipoli. Hopping across the trenches in full view of the Turkish snipers, the average life of a runner was 24 hours’.
  • Revealing Gallipoli
    ‘Five broadcasters from across the globe are uniting to tell the tragic story of Gallipoli - from all sides. First-hand accounts tell viewers what Gallipoli looked, felt and smelled like, and remarkable 3D archival images bring these scenes to life. Animated maps illustrate the forbidding terrain the soldiers faced, and illuminate the strategies behind the conflict’. From Enhance [Free]. You can also purchase the DVD from December Films.
  • The ANZAC Landing at Gallipoli
    [Reports by War Correspondents]
    Reports by Charles Bean, which told the truth about the conditions.
  • The Great War - Gallipoli
    Part of The Great War presentation from PBS in America. It has an overview, then links to further information including both Gallipoli - An Australian Perspective and Gallipoli - A Turkish Perspective.
  • With the Camera at ANZAC
    ‘This album contains 41 views of ANZAC Beach and the surrounding hills and gullies. Taken in 1915, the photographs it contains capture Gallipoli through the eyes of the digger’.

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General Sites

  • An introduction to ANZAC Day for Early Childhood
    ‘Young children have a fascination with all things to do with the past. By learning through hands-on, sensory and real-life experiences about ANZAC Day, young children will have an opportunity to understand the importance of this national day, and its role in building peace in communities today’.
  • ANZAC
    Of particular interest would be the section on The ANZAC Story.
  • Anzac
    Brief overviews on a range of topics related specifically to ANZACs and Gallipoli.
  • ANZAC Biscuits
    Yes, you can buy them, but this site will give you the information to make them yourself. This Australian War Memorial page gives you general information, plus links to other resources about these.
  • ANZAC Day [Australia.gov.au]
    In addition to the supplied information, there are embedded links to further information and sources and with additional links provided at the bottom.
  • Anzac Day [Dogmatic Music]
    ‘Contains everything a school needs to commemorate Anzac Day or Remembrance Day. We have now updated the kit so that it contains two extra songs, specially written for the 100th anniversary of the Gallipoli campaign in 2015’.
  • ANZAC Day - Teaching and Learning Resources
    PTC NSW. Descriptive links to a range of resources.
  • ANZAC Day [TES Australia]
    ‘Mark Anzac Day, celebrate the lives of those who served in conflict and show gratitude for times of peace with these free teaching resources, activities and lesson plans’.
  • Anzac Kids
    ‘Anzac Day games and activities for kids : crosswords, word searches [word finds], quizzes, games, puzzles, activities, online colouring, multimedia interactives, songs, videos, photos’.
  • ANZAC Day [Qld.]
    Also check their Education page for a range of resources, their Early Learning page for younger children and their Interactives page, colour coded for different school levels.
  • ANZAC Day [Wikipedia]
    Extensive information and a range of external links.
  • Anzac Day Stories [findmypast.com.au]
    ‘Browse the findmypast Anzac Memory Bank and join us in honouring the Anzacs. Read heroic stories, photos, diary entries, poems and words of appreciation’.
  • ANZAC Day - The Spirit of ANZAC
    ‘Provides information for all who wish to understand more fully the history and origins of these ANZAC traditions’.
  • Anzac Day Websites
    ‘Resources for Anzac Day lessons : Websites for classroom use by students and teachers. Main themes : Gallipoli history, Anzac Day activities for students, Anzac Day lesson material’.
  • Anzac Diversity
    Australian War Memorial. ‘Case studies exploring the ethnic diversity of the Australian Imperial Force [AIF]’. Other material also from the site.
  • ANZAC [Scootle]
    130 classroom resources and 9 Teacher resources are listed.
  • ANZAC Quiz
    ‘A selection of questions and answers on the topic of ANZAC’.

Apps

  • New ! Diaries 14-18
    Apple, Android. Free. ‘A young British film-maker, takes you back to the First World War in the footsteps of his ancestor. His grandfather was a British stretch-bearer, and with the help of his diaries, he not only gives a moving account but also relives his grandfather’s inspiring story’.
  • New ! Remembering Them
    Apple, Android. Free. #8216;Providing the public with a geocoded list of memorials, museums, war graves and other Australian sites that commemorate our wartime history’.
  • New ! Spirit of ANZAC Centenary 360
    Apple, Android. Free. ‘Explore the spirit of ANZAC Centenary’.
  • New ! Victoria Cross
    Apple, Android. Free. ‘Tells the story of the heroic deeds of soldiers from the British Empire on the battlefields of the north of France during the First World War’.
  • New ! Black Anzacs
    Elizabeth Shenstone. Tertiary level. ‘This book follows the story of one particular serviceman William Williams’. Suitable for Apple technology. Free.
  • Dawn of the Legend
    ‘This exhibition tells the story of the Australians who landed at Gallipoli, and of the creation of the ANZAC legend’.
  • Digger Smith
    A story [in verse] by CJ Dennis who wrote The Sentimental Bloke. ‘Digger Smith studies its [World War 1] effects upon the men who fought it - the men with “ANZAC eyes”’. Written in 1918.
  • Discovering ANZACs
    ‘Explore a growing selection of government records about Australians and New Zealanders in World War I and the Boer War’.
  • Education and Community Awareness for the Anzac Centenary
    ‘The Department of Veterans’ Affairs produces a range of resource material for schools’.
  • First World War 1914-18
    Australian War Memorial. Multiple sections covering Conflicts, Units, Official Histories, Records of CEW Bean, Publications, more.
  • Gallipoli and the Anzacs
    Information and annotated links covering all aspects of ANZAC Day. BOSTES, New South Wales.
  • Honouring ANZACS
    ‘Honouring Anzacs welcomes your school to Anzacs in the Classroom an online resource of activities for teachers and students’. Opens to the School Registration page.
  • Last Post, The
    Information on the Last Post, a recording, more.
  • The Anzac Spirit
    State Library of Victoria. ‘A selection of Rev Bennett’s collection of hand-coloured and black-and-white glass slides’ done while serving at Gallipoli.
  • The Australian and New Zealand Army Corps
    [Officers]
    ‘Recorded in these pages are the names of 492 officers of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps [ANZAC] known or believed to have died as the result of their service on the Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey, in 1915’.
  • The Frank MacDonald Memorial Prize
    ‘Open to all students currently in Grade 9 in government and non-government schools in Tasmania, as well as home-schooled students at the same year levels’.
  • Their Spirit, Our History
    ‘Discover and imagine, through letters, journals, newspaper clippings and telegrams, what life was like for Australians during World War I. Learn about the origin and historical significance of Anzac Day through research-based activities’.
    You need to contact the Australian War Memorial to access this material.
  • The Relevance of Anzac
    Parliament of Australia. Links to information about the legal protection of the word ANZAC. Extensive information often with embedded links to related material from many sources.
  • The Spirit of ANZAC Centenary
    ‘This free exhibition tells the story of Australia’s involvement in the First World War to the present day. Find out more about when the Experience is visiting your area and reserve your place’.
  • Two Up
    A guide to the game played legally on ANZAC Day. More information can be found at the Two Up [Digger History] page. You can also access data on this archived Digger History page here.
  • Two-Up [AWM]
    Information about the game including a short glossary.
  • New ! Understanding Anzac Day
    ‘In this course students have the opportunity to creatively engage with activities that explore the historical significance of Anzac Day. This course is perfectly suited for primary aged school students. A focus of the course is on visually driven, interactive content’. Developed by Autism Spectrum Australia.
  • New ! Years 5-8 : Anzacs 100 Years
    Free Course by Keilor Views Primary School. ‘Designed as a complete unit plan : a progressive series of learning intentions and tasks accompanied by a range of high quality resources. It culminates in a higher order rich assessment task’.

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New Zealand Sites

Other Historical Information

  • A Nation Transformed
    [The Impact of War on The Home Front]
    Information including Discussion Topics, textual information, things to watch and more. Secondary.
  • ANZAC Memories
    Historical notes, articles, letters and images.
  • Australia & WWI
    Done in 2 parts - Home WWI and Abroad WWI.
  • Australians in World War 1
    Research Guide at State Library of Victoria. ‘This guide focuses on Australians serving in World War 1. It also includes some information relevant to Great Britain, other Commonwealth nations and other combatant nations. There is a section on nurses and women’s war occupations’.
  • Diary of an ANZAC
    Blog recording what happened to one specific Anzac at Gallipoli.
  • Education Programs, Australian War Memorial
    Information about programs for Primary and Secondary levels including ANZAC Legacy and Australians and the First World War.
  • Europeana 1914-1918
    ‘Untold stories & official histories of WW1’. Includes Australian listings, e.g. documents, diaries, etc., many from TROVE [National Library].
  • Lives of the First World War
    Imperial War Museum, UK. ‘Help IWM piece together the Life Stories of over 8 million men and women from across Britain and the Commonwealth who served in uniform and worked on the home front during the First World War’. Multiple examples, e.g., Wilfred Owen.
  • Origins of the acronym ANZAC
    Australian War Memorial. Overview, suggested origins of usage, links, more. A second site on The meaning of ANZAC is found here.
  • Our/Your War Stories
    State Library of NSW. ‘A rich collection of resources on the Great War including diaries, letters, maps, photographs, artworks, posters and newspapers’.
  • Resources and Activities, Australian War Memorial
    ‘Search by conflict, year level, resource type or curriculum code’.
  • Veterans OnLine
    A co-operative effort between the Department of Education and Training [Victoria] and the RSL.
    Now archived.
  • War & Identity : Education
    ‘A wealth of resources about Australia’s military history and heritage for teachers and students. These are at Early Childhood, Primary and Secondary levels. You can find what you are looking for by Themes, or Individual Wars. The list of relevant resources under the theme or war you select is colour-coded’.
  • World War One - BBC
    Presents information on a wide range of topics including some related to Australia, e.g. Injured Anzacs in England.
  • World War I and Australia
    Research guides at the State Library of New South Wales. Multiple sections from War Begins through Gallipoli and the Western Front, Women at War to Diaries and Letters.

The ANZAC Tradition

  • ANZAC Day Tradition
    Provides links to sites covering this and other ANZAC topics. Some are already listed here.
  • Not Only A Hero
    ‘An Illustrated Life of Simpson, the Man with the Donkey’.
  • The ANZAC Day Tradition
    From the Australian War Memorial.
  • The Simpson Prize
    ‘The History Teachers’ Association of Australia [HTAA], together with HTAA State affiliates, conduct this competition for year 9 and 10 students on behalf of the Australian Government. The focus of the competition is the Australian ANZAC tradition and students are asked to write an essay of 900 to 1 200 words, or prepare an audio-visual presentation of not more than 15 minutes, on a given statement every year’. All details can be found here. Note that entries are usually submitted in December of the preceding year.

Turkish Viewpoint

  • Gallipoli - The Frontline Experience
    A Turkish film by Tolga Örnek [Roadshow DVD] using still photography, re-enactments and writings from people on both sides of the conflict. Done in English.
    Brilliantly, factually presented !
  • Gallipoli : The Turkish Story
    Details of a book looking from the Turkish point of view. ‘For anyone interested in Australian history and/or of the battle from the Turkish point of the book is a goldmine of information’. Check the Publisher’s Site for other information including teacher comments, or on Google Books.

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References

1. ANZAC Day - History. ANZAC France, Australia, Unknown. Web. 6 March 2015. http://www.anzac-france.com/anzac/history/anzac_day_history.

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