’The ANZAC tradition - the ideals of courage, endurance and mateship that are still relevant today - was established on 25 April, 1915 when the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps landed on the Gallipoli Peninsula.
It was the start of a campaign that lasted eight months and resulted in some 25 000 Australian casualties, including 8 700 who were killed or died of wounds or disease.
The men who served on the Gallipoli Peninsula created a legend, adding the word ‘ANZAC’ to our vocabulary and creating the idea of the ANZAC spirit.
In 1916, the first anniversary of the landing was observed in Australia, New Zealand and England and by troops in Egypt. That year, 25 April was officially named ‘ANZAC Day’ by the Acting Prime Minister, George Pearce.
By the 1920s, ANZAC Day ceremonies were held throughout Australia. All States had designated ANZAC Day as a public holiday. In the 1940s, Second World War veterans joined parades around the country. In the ensuing decades, returned servicemen and women from the conflicts in Korea, Malaya, Indonesia, Vietnam and Iraq, Afghanistan, veterans from allied countries and peacekeepers joined the parades.
During the 1960s and 1970s, the number of people attending the ceremonies fell as Australians questioned the relevance of ANZAC Day. However, in the 1990s there was a resurgence of interest in ANZAC Day, with attendances, particularly by young people, increasing across Australia and with many making the pilgrimage to the Gallipoli Peninsula to attend the Dawn Service’. 1
The ANZAC Day page covers history, traditions, services, Order of Service, information from New Zealand and Turkish viewpoints, images, music downloads, more.
- Anzac Centenary
‘The Anzac Centenary is a milestone of special significance to all Australians. During the Anzac Centenary we will remember not only the original ANZACs who served at Gallipoli and the Western Front, but commemorate more than a century of service by Australian servicemen and women’. Runs from 2014 to 2018.
‘Facts and general information for students with a focus on the ANZAC Centenary, its history, commemorations and ongoing meaning to Australians. Find a selection of curriculum-linked lesson ideas and accompanying student activity sheets and extra resources’.
- WW100 New Zealand
This is a similar site to the Australian one. The ‘program will mark the First World War centenary from 2014 to 2019 [when our troops came home] - through a range of events, activities and projects in all parts of the country’.
ANZAC Day Service and Speeches
Speeches for Dawn Service, school levels and community presentations. From the Australian Army.
- Bugle Calls
Download both the Last Post, Rouse and Reveille. Available from multiple sources in .wav and .mp3 formats.
- Military Bugle Calls
Download both the Last Post and Reveille. MP3 format.
- Outline of ANZAC Day Commemoration
‘Suitable for schools and communities’.
- ANZAC Day [ACT]
Details about, and organisation of, the ANZAC Day commemorations in the ACT. From RSL ACT.
- ANZAC Day [Sydney]
Start times, guidelines, map. Links to services being held by other RSL branches around NSW. Information about the History of ANZAC Day, The ANZAC March, even the ANZAC Day Appeal that is run by them. Other military information as well.
- ANZAC Day [Qld]
Find information about services across Queensland via this site at RSL Queensland.
- ANZAC Day [SA]
ANZAC Day Services in Adelaide and other centres, Youth Vigils, Unit Reunions, organisational details. RSL South Australia.
- ANZAC Day Commemorations [Tas]
Find information about the commemorations to be held in Hobart as well as links to commemorations in other parts of Tasmania. RSL Tasmania. Select “Commemorations” from the top menu, then “ANZAC Day” from the sub-menu
- ANZAC Day [Vic.]
History, The Dawn Service, Order of March, March Protocol, ANZAC Day Activities. From RSL Victoria.
- ANZAC Day [WA]
Four major sections of information from RSL Western Australia : ANZAC Requiem, ANZAC Spirit, ANZAC History and Youth Resources. Opens at History.
- New !
doctor’ s view of Gallipoli landings [Anzac Portal]
‘Many people involved in planning the landing at Gallipoli seemed to think it would be accomplished without too much fuss. Captain Benjafield [as he was then] was a prolific letter writer and echoed these sentiments in his letters home. These were copied for him and widely distributed among his friends’.
- ANZAC Troops at Gallipoli
‘The Australian War memorial has released rarely seen film taken at ANZAC Cove and Suvla Bay in 1915. Get the Flash Player to see this video player’.
- Battle of Gallipoli
HISTORY.com. Article with links to related information about other aspects of The Great War.
- Despatches From Gallipoli
‘Charles Bean, Keith Murdoch, Phillip Schuler and Charles Smith were four Australians who went to Gallipoli as journalists during World War 1. This website aims to introduce these men and their writing, as well as to highlight their role in the development of an Australian identity’. Site is now archived.
- New !
and the Anzacs
‘This education resource shares some of the experiences from the Anzacs at Gallipoli in 1915. It focuses on the involvement of the Turkish, British, French and other Allied forces in the campaign’.
- Gallipoli and the
Free Podcast by La Trobe University. ‘The Anzac involvement in the Gallipoli Campaign has had a lasting cultural impact in Australia. These podcasts will draw together different perspectives on Gallipoli, the ANZACs and the Great War’.
- Gallipoli and the Great War Podcast
‘The Anzac involvement in the Gallipoli Campaign has had a lasting cultural impact in Australia. Why is it considered such sacred ground ? These podcasts will draw together different perspectives on Gallipoli, the ANZACs and the Great War’.
- Gallipoli Campaign
Background, Naval Campaign, Preparations for Invasion, Landings, Land Campaign, Aftermath, Legacy, links, more. Wikipedia.
- New !
‘Background to the campaign; Preparations in Egypt; Original plans; Preparations at Lemnos; Map of the landings; Summary of the campaign’. Part of the new format for the Anzac Portal, Department of Veteran Affairs.
- Gallipoli : The Story of
The First Day
‘An ABC documentary site about the WW1 ANZAC landing at Gallipoli, on 25 April 1915’.
- Glossary of Slang and Peculiar
Terms in Use in the A.I.F.
Australian National Dictionary Centre. ‘This is an annotated edition of the Glossary. There is the original entry [errors are corrected; the original manuscript retains all spelling and grammatical idiosyncrasies]; a line providing information about the word [for example, if it was generally used, if it was Australian, and so on], the first date it was recorded, and a reference to other texts that attest to the word’s usage’. Soldier’s Slang, compiled by the Australian War Memorial, also has examples of these words and expressions.
- New !
School Resources [Anzac Portal]
‘This education resource is for primary and secondary schools. These resources acknowledge the service and sacrifice of Indigenous men and women. It provides social and political context of their service in the light of past racial discrimination’. While covering multiple conflicts it does include Gallipoli and World War 1.
- Investigating Gallipoli
‘Designed for primary students in years 4-6, and focuses on the campaign and the experiences of the Anzacs at Gallipoli in 1915. Students use collected evidence to create their own storybook. The published resource includes a copy of the ABC website Gallipoli, The First Day and a DVD Video containing a documentary on Gallipoli : Australians at War Episode Two’.
- Jack Hazlitt - World War 1
A video clip in which a ‘World War 1 digger reflects on his work as a runner in the trenches at Gallipoli. Hopping across the trenches in full view of the Turkish snipers, the average life of a runner was 24 hours’.
- New !
Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918
[The Australian War Memorial]
Volumes 1 and 2 cover the Gallipoli Campaign and can be downloaded from this site. Each contains multiple chapters covering specific aspects and times..
‘Five broadcasters from across the globe are uniting to tell the tragic story of Gallipoli - from all sides. First-hand accounts tell viewers what Gallipoli looked, felt and smelled like, and remarkable 3D archival images bring these scenes to life. Animated maps illustrate the forbidding terrain the soldiers faced, and illuminate the strategies behind the conflict’. From Enhance [Free]. You can also purchase the DVD from December Films.
- The Gallipoli Campaign, April 1915 -
Extensive range of photographs, letters to loved ones, the Christmas Truce, more. Imperial War Museum, UK.
- New !
War that Changed Us : Educational Activities [Anzac Portal]
‘This teaching activity resource compliments the ABC Docu-drama - The War that Changed us. It explores the lives of six individuals who experienced the First World War from their role on either the battlefields or the home front’.
- Understanding Gallipoli
‘Provides a summary of Australian service on Gallipoli in 1915, as well as stories of those who were there. It includes learning activities for upper primary and secondary students, which encourage students to investigate events and analyse ideas and concepts relating to Gallipoli and the Anzacs’.
- New !
Voices of the First World War - Gallipoli - Conditions and Evacuation
[BBC Sounds]. While not specifically Australian, it does provide information about the conditions suffered and the departure from Gallipoli as seen by those who were there.
- Who really died at Gallipoli ?
‘Somehow the impression has taken root that in that terrible Battle of Gallipoli  only the ANZAC troops fought and suffered in Turkey. The reality is different, but the overwhelming attention that Australia and New Zealand place on Gallipoli is understandable’. Both information and images.
- Updated !
With the Camera at
‘This album contains 41 views of ANZAC Beach and the surrounding hills and gullies. Taken in 1915, the photographs it contains capture Gallipoli through the eyes of the digger’. You can download the images as a folder.
- World War I Gallipoli
Australian Army. Overview, with links on the left not only to information about parts of The Great War but also other conflicts.
- Updated !
Ancestry - Stories
of multicultural Anzacs
‘Aimed at upper primary and lower secondary school students, it explores stories of individuals and families from different cultural backgrounds who served in Australian units during the First World War’. Note that by clicking on this link, you gain an automatic download of the information. It is fairly sizeable
- An introduction to ANZAC
Day for Early Childhood
‘Young children have a fascination with all things to do with the past. By learning through hands-on, sensory and real-life experiences about ANZAC Day, young children will have an opportunity to understand the importance of this national day, and its role in building peace in communities today’.
Of particular interest would be the section on The ANZAC Story.
Brief overviews on a range of topics related specifically to ANZACs and Gallipoli.
- ANZAC Biscuits
Yes, you can buy them, but this site will give you the information to make them yourself. This Australian War Memorial page gives you general information, plus links to other resources about these.
- ANZAC Day [TES Australia]
‘Mark Anzac Day, celebrate the lives of those who served in conflict and show gratitude for times of peace with these free teaching resources, activities and lesson plans’.
- Anzac Kids
‘Anzac Day games and activities for kids : crosswords, word searches [word finds], quizzes, games, puzzles, activities, online colouring, multimedia interactives, songs, videos, photos’.
- ANZAC Day [Qld.]
Also check their Schools page for a range of resources, their Early Learning page for younger children and their Interactives page [select this from the options provided], colour coded for different school levels.
- ANZAC Day [Wikipedia]
Extensive information and a range of external links.
- Anzac Day Stories [findmypast.com.au]
‘Browse the findmypast Anzac Memory Bank and join us in honouring the Anzacs. Read heroic stories, photos, diary entries, poems and words of appreciation’.
- ANZAC Day - The Spirit of ANZAC
‘Provides information for all who wish to understand more fully the history and origins of these ANZAC traditions’.
- Anzac Day Websites
‘Resources for Anzac Day lessons : Websites for classroom use by students and teachers. Main themes : Gallipoli history, Anzac Day activities for students, Anzac Day lesson material’.
- Anzac Diversity
Australian War Memorial. ‘Case studies exploring the ethnic diversity of the Australian Imperial Force [AIF]’. Other material also from the site.
- ANZAC Quiz
‘A selection of questions and answers on the topic of ANZAC’.
- ANZAC [Scootle]
130 classroom resources and 9 Teacher resources are listed.
- Diaries 14-18
Apple, Android. Free. ‘A young British film-maker, takes you back to the First World War in the footsteps of his ancestor. His grandfather was a British stretch-bearer, and with the help of his diaries, he not only gives a moving account but also relives his grandfather’s inspiring story’.
- Gallipoli The First Day, Centenary Edition
‘Experience the events of the first day of the Gallipoli Campaign in this App especially designed for tablet devices. This new App lets you explore the incredible story of the Gallipoli Landings. Download the app for free’.
- New !
Great Debates :
The Anzac Legend
‘Great Debates is a series designed for teachers to encourage discussion on topics from military history. This debate focuses on the variety of attitudes Australians have had toward the Anzac legend over the past century’.
- Updated !
Apple, Android. Free. #8216;Providing the public with a geocoded list of memorials, museums, war graves and other Australian sites that commemorate our wartime history’.
- Spirit of ANZAC
Apple, Android. Free. ‘Explore the spirit of ANZAC Centenary’.
- Black Anzacs
Elizabeth Shenstone. Tertiary level. ‘This book follows the story of one particular serviceman William Williams’. Suitable for Apple technology. Free.
- Charles Bean
Biography, and related information, leading to his role as a War Correspondent and his role in establishing the Australian War Memorial.
- Dawn of the Legend
‘This exhibition tells the story of the Australians who landed at Gallipoli, and of the creation of the ANZAC legend’.
- Digger Smith
A story [in verse] by CJ Dennis who wrote The Sentimental Bloke. ‘Digger Smith studies its [World War 1] effects upon the men who fought it - the men with “ANZAC eyes”’. Written in 1918.
- Discovering ANZACs
‘Explore a growing selection of government records about Australians and New Zealanders in World War I and the Boer War’.
- Education and Community Awareness for the Anzac Centenary
‘The Department of Veterans’ Affairs produces a range of resource material for schools’.
- First World War 1914-18
Australian War Memorial. Multiple sections covering Conflicts, Units, Official Histories, Records of CEW Bean, Publications, more.
- Gallipoli and the Anzacs
‘The resource aids students in discovering the main features of the campaign, including the landings of the Anzacs; the stories of soldiers and nurses involved; the roles of other allied nations; the experiences of families waiting at home; the evacuation; and the reasons why Gallipoli has been and continues to be commemorated as an event of national significance for Australians’.
- Last Post, The
Information on the Last Post, a recording, more.
- Perspectives on The
Provides links to multiple online resources and interactives.
- The AIF Project
‘Australian ANZACS in The Great War 1914-1918. The AIF database is drawn from a range of official sources, including personal files on the National Archives website, and Embarkation and Nominal Rolls on the Australian War Memorial website’
- New !
The ANZAC Legend
The Spirit of the ANZACs. ‘The Anzac Legend emerged from the tragic events on the Gallipoli peninsula, which has now become an important part of our Australian History’.
- The Anzac Spirit
State Library of Victoria. ‘A selection of Rev Bennett’s collection of hand-coloured and black-and-white glass slides’ done while serving at Gallipoli.
- The Australian and New Zealand Army Corps
‘Recorded in these pages are the names of 492 officers of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps [ANZAC] known or believed to have died as the result of their service on the Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey, in 1915’.
Frank MacDonald Memorial Prize
‘Open to all students currently in Grade 9 in government and non-government schools in Tasmania, as well as home-schooled students at the same year levels’.
- Their Spirit, Our History
‘Discover and imagine, through letters, journals, newspaper clippings and telegrams, what life was like for Australians during World War I. Learn about the origin and historical significance of Anzac Day through research-based activities’.
You need to contact the Australian War Memorial to access this material.
- The Relevance of Anzac
Parliament of Australia. Links to information about the legal protection of the word ANZAC. Extensive information often with embedded links to related material from many sources.
- Two Up
A guide to the game played legally on ANZAC Day. More information can be found at the Two Up [Digger History] page. You can also access data on this archived Digger History page.
- Two-Up [AWM]
Information about the game including a short glossary.
- Understanding Anzac
‘In this course students have the opportunity to creatively engage with activities that explore the historical significance of Anzac Day. This course is perfectly suited for primary aged school students. A focus of the course is on visually driven, interactive content’. Developed by Autism Spectrum Australia.
- Years 5-8 : Anzacs
Free Course by Keilor Views Primary School. ‘Designed as a complete unit plan : a progressive series of learning intentions and tasks accompanied by a range of high quality resources. It culminates in a higher order rich assessment task’.
- New !
World War I and Australia 1914 to 1918
Department of Veterans’ Affairs. ‘Find out about Military organisation and weapons; Where Australians served during the war; Personnel and wartime experience; Politics in Australia during the war; Home front during the war; Commemoration of war veterans’. Renewed presentation from this Department.
New Zealand Sites
- Anne’s Guiding Pages - ANZAC Day
Background, quotes, recipe, more.
- ANZAC Day Resources [Govt.]
The New Zealand government site covering the significance, Gallipoli Guide, resources, ANZAC Day Today.
- ANZAC Commemorative Site, Gallipoli
From the New Zealand Ministry for Culture & Heritage.
- ANZAC Day [NZ History]
ANZACs, the campaign, first day fatalities, biographies and diaries, photographs, paintings, sounds and maps. Related links.
- Gallipoli Campaign
‘Adapted from an essay by Ian McGibbon from the Oxford Companion to New Zealand Military History’.
- Revealing Gallipoli
: a Studyguide
Downloadable document developed by the ABC in conjunction with Australian and New Zealand authorities.
Other Historical Information
- ANZAC Memories
Historical notes, articles, letters and images.
- Australia & WWI
Done in 2 parts - Home WWI and Abroad WWI.
Australian Identity and the First World War
‘This unit will lead an investigation of how Australia’s participation in the First World War, or the Great War, impacted on its growing sense of itself, and how it continues to influence the national imagination and identity’.
- Australians in World War 1
Research Guide at State Library of Victoria. ‘This guide focuses on Australians serving in World War 1. It also includes some information relevant to Great Britain, other Commonwealth nations and other combatant nations. There is a section on nurses and women’s war occupations’.
- Diary of an ANZAC
Recording what happened to one specific Anzac at Gallipoli.
- Education Programs, Australian War Memorial
Information about programs for Primary and Secondary levels including ANZAC Legacy and Australians and the First World War.
- Europeana 1914-1918
‘Untold stories & official histories of WW1’. Includes Australian listings, e.g. documents, diaries, etc., many from TROVE [National Library].
- Lives of the First World War
Imperial War Museum, UK. ‘Help IWM piece together the Life Stories of over 8 million men and women from across Britain and the Commonwealth who served in uniform and worked on the home front during the First World War’. Multiple examples, e.g., Wilfred Owen.
- Origins of the acronym ANZAC
Australian War Memorial. Overview, suggested origins of usage, links, more. A second site on The meaning of ANZAC is found here.
- Our/Your War Stories
State Library of NSW. ‘A rich collection of resources on the Great War including diaries, letters, maps, photographs, artworks, posters and newspapers’.
- Resources, Australian War Memorial
Multiple options are available to work your way through these to find the exact information you are seeking.
- The Australian Home Front
during World War 1
Textual information, graphics and more. Secondary.
- New !
Victoria Cross Recipients - Australia
‘This list includes Australian recipients of the Victoria Cross and the Victoria Cross for Australia’.
- World War One - BBC
Presents information on a wide range of topics including some related to Australia, e.g. Injured Anzacs in England.
- World War I and Australia
Research guides at the State Library of New South Wales. Multiple sections from War Begins through Gallipoli and the Western Front, Women at War to Diaries and Letters.
The ANZAC Tradition
- ANZAC Day Tradition
Provides links to sites covering this and other ANZAC topics. Some are already listed here.
- Anzac Day Traditions and Rituals : A quick guide
Parliament of Australia. History, Dawn Service and March, Wearing Medals, The Ode, The ANZAC Biscuit, ANZAC Speeches, The meaning of ANZAC, Poetry, links to many other resources. You can download a copy here.
- Not Only A Hero
‘An Illustrated Life of Simpson, the Man with the Donkey’.
- The ANZAC Day Tradition
From the Australian War Memorial.
- The Simpson Prize
‘The History Teachers’ Association of Australia [HTAA], together with HTAA State affiliates, conduct this competition for year 9 and 10 students on behalf of the Australian Government. The focus of the competition is the Australian ANZAC tradition and students are asked to write an essay of 900 to 1 200 words, or prepare an audio-visual presentation of not more than 15 minutes, on a given statement every year’. All details can be found here. Note that entries are usually submitted in December of the preceding year.
- Gallipoli - The Frontline Experience
A Turkish film by Tolga Örnek [Roadshow DVD] using still photography, re-enactments and writings from people on both sides of the conflict. Done in English. Available for purchase from this site. Also possibly from the Australian War Memorial library
Brilliantly, factually presented !
- Gallipoli : The
Details of a book looking from the Turkish point of view. ‘For anyone interested in Australian history and/or of the battle from the Turkish point of the book is a goldmine of information’. Check the Publisher’s Site for other information including teacher comments, or on Google Books.
1. ANZAC Day - History. ANZAC France, Australia, Unknown. Web. 6 March 2015. http://www.somme-battlefields.com/anzac-day-tradition.