Having a hearing loss [impairment] means that a child has lost some hearing in one or both ears. Hearing impairments are
described according to how much hearing has been lost. Loss is usually explained as mild, moderate, moderate to severe, severe
Deafness is another name for profound hearing loss. However, people who call themselves ‘Deaf’ usually are identifying themselves as members of the Deaf Community. This means that they use Auslan [Australian Sign Language] as their first language. Not all people with a severe or profound hearing loss use Auslan.
Conductive hearing loss happens when there is some block to the transfer of sound from the outer ear to the inner ear [cochlea]. In some types of conductive loss, hearing levels may change gradually over time or they may change from day to day. Middle ear infections cause conductive hearing loss.
Sensorineural hearing loss happens when there is damage to the inner ear [cochlea] or to the auditory [hearing] nerve. 1
Inclusion is the preferred educational option. School systems make every effort to do this. If it is not possible, they use either special classes or special schools with curriculum and staffing modifications. There are two approaches, one based on the use of signing and the other using an oral approach.
This page looks at associations, selected educational sites, children’s sites, parent sites, government bodies, cued speech, hearing information, magazines, journals, resources, hearing technology and other information.
- Better Hearing Australia
Originally Victorian, now national.
- Deaf Australia
‘National peak organisation for Deaf people in Australia. It represents the views of Deaf people who use Auslan [Australian Sign Language]’.
- Deafness Forum
‘Exists to improve the quality of life for Australians who are Deaf, have a hearing impairment or have a chronic disorder of the ear’.
- Deaf Sports Australia
‘Vibrant organisation focussed on facilitating the access of deaf and hard of hearing people to the best sporting opportunities available in Australia’.
- Royal Institute for Deaf and Blind
One of Australia’s educators for children with special hearing needs.
- Deaf Can:Do
The Royal South Australian Deaf Society and also the related Can:Do Hearing.
- Deaf Services Queensland
- Deaf Society of NSW
One important aspect is an amazing list of links to Deaf-related Service Organisations.
The Tasmanian Deaf Society.
The Victorian Deaf Society.
The West Australian Deaf Society.
- Action on Hearing Loss
‘We’re experts in providing support for people with hearing loss and tinnitus’. Information, resources, media centre, more.
- American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
‘Professional, scientific, and credentialling association for audiologists, speech-language pathologists, and speech, language, and hearing scientists’.
- Canadian Hard of Hearing Association
‘Consumer-based organisation formed by and for hard of hearing Canadians’.
- National Association of the Deaf
‘The nation’s premier civil rights organisation of, by and for deaf and hard of hearing individuals’. USA.
- National Cued Speech Association
News, features, articles, resources. USA.
- The Canadian Hearing Society
‘Leading provider of services, products and information that remove barriers to communication, advance hearing health and promote equity for people who are culturally deaf, oral deaf, deafened and hard of hearing’. Check their Programs & Services page.
Check other relevant state/territory links on the main Special Education page.
- Deaf Education
Topical Conversations, Knowledge Base, Calendar, FAQs. Registration needed for some areas.
- Transition to School
Transition to School, language & learning, stories and more. Similar pages are available for Starting school, Your Child At Secondary School and Beyond School. Australian.
- What does a
diagnosis of hearing loss mean ?
Department of Education & Training, Victoria. Information for parents. Covers multiple aspects.
Selected Schools & Teaching Centres
- Aurora School [Vic.]
Early intervention; DeafBlind Education programs.
- Centre for Hearing
Impaired - Adelaide High School
‘Students enrolled in the Centre have access to all curriculum offerings and are offered support by trained Teachers of the deaf or support staff’.
- Cora Barclay Centre,
‘In 1989, the Centre became a therapy centre with a focus on training parents to teach their children to listen and speak using the auditory approach’.
’The only specialist centre providing advice to the Vocational Education and Training [VET] sector and plays a key role in informing government policy’. Melbourne Polytechnic, Victoria.
- Mayfield St
Dominic’s Centre for Hearing Impaired
Catholic Schools Office Maitland-Newcastle. ‘Provides an education of excellence for children who are deaf and hearing impaired’.
- School of Special Educational Needs : Sensory [WA]
‘Providing educational support for children with vision impairment and/or hearing loss’.
- Schools for Deaf and Hearing Impaired Children
Aussie Deaf Kids. ‘Find a school with a support unit or special facilities for deaf children in your state or territory’.
‘An internationally recognised early intervention centre that has provided inclusive oral language programs for children with hearing loss and their families in Victoria’.
- The Shepherd Centre
Internationally renowned school for children from 0-6 with hearing difficulty. Dominantly oral approach to teaching with partially impaired children.
- WA Institute for Deaf Education
‘Parents are provided with a choice of educational settings, ranging from an inclusive placement in a regular school, to metropolitan specialist schools that are located in inclusive settings’.
- Cued Speech
A series of links to sources for information and assistance with cued speech.
- Cued Speech e-learning
E-learning package, how to use the training, learn about cued speech, watch a video.
- Gaining Cued Speech Proficiency
Text book. Revised in 1997 from an original created in the 1980s. Now available from Amazon.
- What is Cued Speech ?
‘Cued Speech, Using CS, CueTube, Learn to Cue, Resources, Evidence, Links’. Other Cued Speech Links are found here
- Cochlear Implants
Overview, children and cochlear implants, position statements, what users have to say. Multiple link information on each.
- Cochlear Implant
Multiple sections, pages of information. Getting Started to Resources. Available to download here.
- The Sydney Cochlear Implant Centre
Implants, suitability, resources, recipient stories, information for professionals, research.
- What is a Cochlear Implant ?
For teenagers. UK based. Who wears a cochlear implant, how they work, having one, living with one, news, views, links.
- Hearing Aids 101
‘Designed to help consumers learn about the wide variety of hearing aids and related products on the market today; latest innovations; tips for shopping for hearing and assistive learning devices’. Canadian.
- Hearing aids : How
to choose the right one
‘Which is best for you ? Find out what to consider when choosing a hearing aid’. Mayo Clinic. USA.
- National Hearing Care
‘Hearing aids are complicated technical instruments tailored to the individual client’s needs. There are many different types and styles of hearing aids’. Australian.
- Captioned Telephone
‘The captioned telephone works like any other phone with one important difference : It shows you every word the other party says throughout the conversation’.
- Closed Captioning FAQ
An overview to “technical stuff”.
- Conexu Foundation
‘We provide and facilitate services or solutions for people who are communication impaired, Deaf or hard of hearing’.
- Media Access Australia [Captioning]
‘Provides information and applies technological solutions to media access issues, including captioning’.
- National Relay Service
‘Phone solution for people who are deaf or have a hearing or speech impairment’.
‘Information on communication technologies for people who are Deaf, hard of hearing or speech impaired’.
- Technology Access Program
Information Resources section includes ‘papers, references, tutorials, presentation slides, conference proceedings and other information’.
- Using Captions to Support Literacy
Overview and links to a range of information sources and resources.
Sites designed for children of all ages.
School, Leisure activities, home, Teen solution, more.
Information about ears & diseases and conditions related to loss of hearing.
- About the Ear
Anatomy of the ear, sound measurement, causes of hearing loss, related health issues.
Multiple sections from General Information to a Deafness Fact List.
- How we Hear
Information, diagram, links to related areas.
- How We Hear & How our Ear Works
Information, images, link to video.
- Swimmer’s Ear [Otitis
Better Health, Victoria. Symptoms, causes, complications, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, more.
- The Interactive Ear
Interactive hearing process presentation. A second link, but with a different emphasis, can be found at this HEARnet page.
What it is, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatments, masking techniques, self-help, more. MyDr, Australia.
Parental Involvement, Information & Support
- Building Blocks
‘Put together for you using the knowledge and experiences of parents in our online support groups’. Check the Parents page, for more information.
- Hearing Impairment
Raising Children Network, Australia. Information, videos, links.
- Information Sheets - Families
Deaf Children Australia.
- Parents of Deaf Children
‘PODC aims to provide families with independent and unbiased information and support’.
‘Providing web site links in audiology for patients, family members, students, and healthcare providers. Intended for informational purposes only’.
- Deaf Websites
A second listing can be found at Deaf Linx.
- Decibel [Loudness] Comparison Chart
Comparative figures for activities and sounds.
Information on ways in which Telstra can help people with disabilities.
Resources for Professionals
- A Resource Guide To Support Classroom Teachers
British Columbia Ministry of Education. Hearing loss, preparing to teach, student interviews, adaptation, communication tips, student tip sheets, equipment, trouble shooting, vocabulary, more.
- Cap That !
‘Captions are readily available on many DVDs, television shows and online videos. Find out : How to turn on captions and where to find captioned resources’.
- Teaching & Assessment
Strategies for Deaf and Hearing Impaired Students
Fact Sheet from ADCET.
- Teaching Strategies for Students with a Hearing
‘These guidelines may be useful to teachers and students when working together to accommodate hearing impairments or deafness. Download the document’ here. Swinburne University.
- Teaching Students With Sensory Impairments, Strategies for
‘The result of an international, collaborative effort among educators in the United States, Australia, and New Zealand’. Also covers Vision Impairment.
- Aussie Deaf Kids
‘Online support and resources for parents of hard of hearing and deaf children living in Australia’.
- Deaf Children Australia
‘Information, advocacy, support services and educational resources that respond to the needs of these children and their families’.
Government Agencies & Bodies
State and federal and both agencies and government-related groups.
‘We provide a full range of hearing services for children and young people up to the age of 21, eligible adults and aged pensioners, and most war veterans’. Their Second page is also worth checking.
- Hearing Services Program
Department of Health, Australia. Hearing Information, Available Services, For Hearing Professionals.
- National Acoustic Laboratories
‘Undertakes scientific investigations into hearing, hearing habilitation and rehabilitation, and the prevention of hearing loss. The research division of Australian Hearing’.
‘Highlights the risks to hearing from loud music in clubs, at gigs and using personal audio equipment. Campaign is aimed at 1-30 year olds’. Part of Action on Hearing Loss group.
- National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders
USA. Hearing and other communication disabilities, research, News, Events, A-Z index.
- Oticon [USA]
Hearing, hearing technologies, medical aspects. OtiKids.
Magazines & Journals
For all educational journals, see the Education Journals page.
1. Children with hearing loss; Child and Youth Health, 26 Nov. 2014. Web. 23 July 2015. Parenting and Child Health - Children with hearing loss.