English as a Second Language [ESL]
Australia is one of the most multicultural countries in the world. There is a high percentage of the population for whom English is not their first, or sometimes even their second language. Significant numbers arrive in Australia with no English at all. Indigenous people may also have a different first language.
All systems work to provide English language skills so that everyone is able to access all areas of life and participate fully, irrespective of age, previous nationality, wealth or any other factor.
This page looks at English as a Second Language, or EAL/D studies in all states & territories. It covers programs, New Arrivals, interpreting & translation, funding, guidelines, Commonwealth support, more. Other information covers English Language schools, ESL jobs and journals.
Check the ESL Resources page for further assistance.
States & Territories
Australian Capital Territory
- English as an
Additional Language or Dialect Programs
Translating and Interpreting Service, Introductory English Centres, Parent fact Sheet, Literacy and U-CAN Read.
- English as an Additional Language or Dialect
Policy is currently being revised. Check back for further details.
‘For students newly arrived in the ACT with a language and cultural background other than English and who have limited English language’.
- Translating and Interpreting
Details on this page. Call ☎ 131 450 for further details.
New South Wales
- English as an
Additional Language or Dialect : Advice for Schools
‘Advice for the successful operation and management of EAL/D programs in government primary schools, high schools, Intensive English Centres and the Intensive English High School’ Guidelines.
- English as a Second
ESL Curriculum Framework K-6 documents for Stages 1-4.
- English as a Second Language
HSC Courses. Syllabus, Assessment and examination materials, Other support materials. For Years K-10 see the English Syllabus [‘Students learning English as an additional language or dialect’.].
- English as a Second Language : Guidelines for Schools
- English as an Additional
Overview, link to guidelines and resources, more.
- Information for Parents
‘Useful documents for teachers, parents and caregivers, translated into over 40 languages’.
- Interpreter and Translation Services
Free Services to assist parents of children requiring ESL assistance. Government schools.
- Multicultural Education
Includes links to sections on English as an Additional Language/Dialect education, Interpreting and translation services and Refugee education.
- English as a Second Language FundameNTals
- ESL, An Introduction
- ESL, Early Childhood and Primary Learners
- ESL, Secondary Learners
- Teaching English as a Second
ESL students, Key Resources, ESL Contexts, Curriculum Standards and Assessment.
- Cultural and Linguistic
‘Schools respond to the educational needs of students from diverse cultural and linguistic backgrounds. A range of policies and resources support this’.
- English as an Additional Language or Dialect. Grant funding allocations. Also information at this site for school-aged dependants of international students.
- English as an Additional
Language or Dialect Learners
‘Information on aspects of P-12 curriculum, assessment and reporting framework’.
- English as a Second Language - Useful
Information as part of support for Literacy and Numeracy.
- English as a Second Language Support in Schools
An area which receives special support at all levels.
- Statement of Intent
‘Provides for students learning English as an additional language or dialect’.
- Using Interpreters in Schools
- Aboriginal, Multicultural, Languages & Learning Resource Centre
‘A specialist education resource centre providing a library service to educators state-wide’.
- English as an Additional Language
SACE. Program information for students in Years 11 and 12.
- English as an Additional Language or Dialect Program
Home page. See menu at top for multiple sections/aspects as well as related links.
- Intensive English Programs
SACE. Refers to these in relation to Years 11 and 12.
Interpreting and Translating
Information from sa.gov.au.
- Language Teaching Strategies
Multiple documents on different aspects.
- People from non-English Speaking
Covers a number of areas from support, English Language course, Ethnic schools, more.
- Students with English as an Additional Language
Catholic Education Office. Covers multiple programs including this.
- Support to learn English
‘Students with minimal English who have recently arrived in South Australia may be eligible for support to learn English for living and studying in South Australia’. Multiple sections and links.
- Unlocking the World
‘Professional development programs for classroom teachers. Developed by, and delivered by, the Department for Education and Child Development’. Highly recommended. Used by other states.
- English as an Additional Language Program
Overview, links to guideline and quick guide documents, contact details.
- English Language Centre
Includes overview, ‘a variety of English language teaching programs taught by fully qualified, highly committed teachers’ at the University of Tasmania, more.
- Enrolment Procedures
Specific section for students whose parents are not residents of Australia. Link to access visa information.
- Guidelines for
Aspects of this Guideline package are relevant.
- Support for Students
Tasmanian Catholic Education Office. Includes a statement about ESL.
- EAL Provision for New Arrivals
Policy to ‘ensure schools inform parents about the New Arrivals Program, and of their right to access the program for their children’.
- EAL Reports
Access reports for several years.
- English as an
Home page for EAL services. Includes among others :
Developmental Continuum P-10
‘Provides evidence based indicators of progress, linked to practical teaching strategies, to support the assessment of EAL students and the development of effective learning programs’.
- EAL in Schools
Lists details about services provided.
Links to a variety of publications and online resources.
‘Information and resources to help support students from refugee backgrounds in schools, especially those with disrupted or no previous schooling’.
- Interpreting and Translating
‘Interpreting and translating services are available free, within guidelines, to government schools’. A related page is Accessing Interpreting and Translating.
- Reporting the Achievement of ESL Students
‘Progress of an English as a Second Language [ESL] student learning English should be reported against the stages of the ESL Standards rather than the levels of the English Standards’.
- The ESL Handbook
‘Advice to schools on programs for supporting students learning English as a second language’.
- Australian Curriculum and EAL/D
Overview, documents, multiple sections, links.
- Aboriginal English
“Ways of Being, Ways of Talk”. ‘Information on Aboriginal English and its use within the wider community’. Download the document here.
- Aboriginal English [DofE]
Introduction, programs, literacy strategy, resources.
- English as an Additional Language or Dialect
Program information, documents, EAL/D for Aboriginal Students, EAL/D Curriculum Support, assessment and reporting and Translating and Interpreting Services.
Teaching and Learning Resources - EAL/D
Multiple resources, strategies, more.
- The Department of Education - EAL/D Resource and Information Centre
- AMEP Fact
Sheets - AMEP Research Centre
‘Developed by the Adult Migrant English Program Research Centre to provide teachers with information on areas of professional concern’. Macquarie University.
- AMEP Research Centre - Professional Development Resources
‘A wide range of Professional Development Resources’. Macquarie University.
- AMEP - Reviews of Australian Resources
AMEP Research Centre, Macquarie University.
- English as an Additional Language or
Dialect : Teacher Resource
Information and documents available from ACARA.
English Language Schools
- Australia, English Schools and ELICOS Programs
- Australia, ESL Schools and Programs
‘Find a listing of all ESL programs in Australia. Click on any program to view more information, or refine your search within Australia by city’.
- Directory of English Language Schools in Australia
Search by location or name.
- University English Language Centres Australia
‘30 Australian universities offering English Australia Language courses’.
‘Articles that outline the policy debates surrounding Aboriginal English, and articles that state what Aboriginal English is, or provide some practical examples or personal experience of its use and influence.’
Federal Government Support
- Adult Migrant English Program
‘English lessons to eligible adult migrants. Free for most eligible adult migrants’.
‘Endorses English language centres in universities, colleges and high schools. Endorsed centres are granted the NEAS quality mark, internationally recognised and valued by students, teachers, agents and governments’.
- Learning English [AMES]
‘Opens a world of opportunities and is essential for making the most of your life in Australia’. Free English classes, English for Work, English for Overseas students. Victoria and Sydney.
- English Australia
‘National association for accredited public and private English language colleges in Australia’.
- Developing Teachers
‘A web site for the developing language teacher.’
- English Baby !
‘Visit every day for a new, free English lesson ! Our online English lessons feature real English conversations about popular culture’.
Online English learning from India. Free demo, some free Resources [see listing at bottom]. Main course is fee-based.
- ESL Jobs Centre
Covers placement in different positions at all levels in many countries around the world.
- ESL Jobs World
‘Jobs for teachers of English to speakers of other languages’. Provides email newsletters covering vacancies.
- International English Language Testing System
‘Measures ability to communicate in English across all four language skills - listening, reading, writing and speaking’.
Journals & Other Publications
For all educational journals, see the Education Journals page.
- English Language
‘A weekly digest of the most important news affecting English language teachers worldwide. Fee for members and non-members’.
- Teaching EAL/D Learners in Australian Classrooms
PETAA.‘Outlines some of the recent trends in the theory and practice of EAL/D teaching and learning, offering relevant support for all classroom teachers to cater more effectively to EAL/D learners in their classes’.
- TOPICS Online Magazine
‘Offers learners of English the opportunity to express and publish their ideas in English to an online audience’.
- TESall.com’s Useful Links for ESL/EFL Teachers
Employment, blogs, lesson plans, news, school directories.
Test of English as a Foreign Language™
‘With ePrepz you get access to hundreds of different types of quizzes, exercises and practice tests that are based on the TOEFL exam’. Fee-based but reasonable.
- Good Luck TOEFL
‘Studying for the TOEFL exam can be scary, difficult, and confusing. Good Luck TOEFL gives you the answers’.
- The TOEFL Test
‘The TOEFL test covers all facets of English proficiency, including a test of spoken English and grammar exercises.’ Now able to be done online.
- Test of English as a Foreign Language
Format and contents, criticisms, related links. Wikipedia.
- TOEFL Practice
A sample test from the UK.