English as a
Australia is one of the most multicultural countries in the world. There is a high percentage of the population for whom English is not their first, or sometimes even their second language. Significant numbers arrive in Australia with no English at all. Indigenous people may also have a different first language.
All systems work to provide English language skills so that everyone is able to access all areas of life and participate fully, irrespective of age, previous nationality, wealth or any other factor.
This page looks at English as a Second Language studies in all states & territories. This includes programs, New Arrivals, interpreting & translation, funding, guidelines and more. Commonwealth support is also covered. Other information covers English Language schools, ESL jobs, journals and further information.
Also check the ESL Resources page for further information.
States & Territories
Australian Capital Territory
- English as a
Second Language [ACT]
Overview, contacts, links, program, available services [e.g. translation].
- English as an Additional Language or Dialect [EALD]
‘For students who are newly arrived in the ACT with a language and cultural background other than English and who have limited English language.’
- The ESL
‘Supports the provision of Introductory English Centres, Mainstream School Programs for ESL students, including support within classrooms and direct instruction in ESL and Preschool Support.’
- Translating and Interpreting
Details on this page. You should call ☎ 131 450 for further details.
New South Wales
- English as a Second Language [ESL]
HSC Syllabus. Syllabus and support documentation. For Years 7-10 see the English Syllabus. Go here for Years K-6.
- English as a Second Language : Guidelines for Schools
- English as a Second Language Programs
Covers all aspects.
- Information for Parents
Information Brochure translated into over 40 languages.
- Interpreter and Translation Services
Provision of Free services to assist parents of children requiring ESL assistance. Government schools.
- English as a Second Language
T - 9, secondary area, coordinators, ESL for Indigenous Language Speaking Students, New Arrivals.
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- English as a Second Language FundameNTals
- ESL, An Introduction
- ESL, Early Childhood and Primary Learners
- ESL, Secondary Learners
- English as a Second Language Grants and Funding. Also information at this site for school-aged dependants of international students.
- English as a Second Language Support in Schools
One of a number of areas which receive special support at all levels.
- English for ESL Learners [2007 extended trial]
Queensland Studies Authority. Syllabus, Work Programs, Assessment tasks.
- Guidelines For Students With English as a
Includes a number of documents available in Word format.
- Using Interpreters in
- English as a Second Language [SA]
Home page with links to information on all aspects. These include :
- Intensive English Language Program [IELP]
- Aboriginal, Multicultural, Languages & Learning Resource Centre
‘It is a specialist education resource centre providing a library service to educators state-wide across all levels and sectors’.
- Translated Documents about everyday school activities.
- English as a Second
From the Catholic Education Office. Contact details are available.
- ESL Professional Development Course
Teaching ESL New Arrivals.
- ESL Strategies
‘Strategies designed to enable ESL Learners to develop their English language skills in both social and academic contexts.’
- Targeted Programs
Association of Independent Schools. ESL/LBOTE [Language background other than English], EALD [English as an additional Language or Dialect] Program.
- Information for Parents and Caregivers
Brochure in English or community languages.
- Languages and Multicultural Resource Centre
‘Specialist education resource centre which provides a free, state-wide library service to schools across all levels and sectors to support programs and professional development in a range of areas’ including ESL.
- Unlocking the World
‘Professional development programs for classroom teachers. All Unlocking the World programs are developed by, and delivered by, the Department of Education and Children’s Services. Each program is completely self-contained and provides professional development that is immediately applicable in the classroom. The programs are based on a train-the-trainer model that provides a flexible, in-house, professional development resource.’ Highly recommended. Used by other states.
- English as an Additional Language [EAL] Program
Overview of the program and links to the documents following.
as an Additional Language Program
‘Intensive English language teaching support for Prep to Year 12 students for whom English is a second or further language.’
Includes specific section for students whose parents are not residents of Australia. has a link to access visa information.
- GETI Tasmania
‘In Tasmania, English language classes are available for students of the Tasmanian Polytechnic. In Primary Schools, High Schools and Senior Secondary Colleges, EAL - or English as an Additional Language - is provided on campus as a subject for international students’. Education and Training International, Tasmania.
- Guidelines for
This Guideline package has some connections with this area.
Information can be found in this document for those in government schools.
- Interpreter Services - Tasmanian Catholic
Information regarding both telephone and on-site interpreting services.
- Accessing Interpreting and
‘The Department provides schools with access to qualified/accredited interpreters, in line with Victorian government policy to help Victorians from culturally and linguistically diverse communities deal with government departments and agencies. All schools have been provided with the guidelines and booking forms’.
- Beginning ESL -
‘Support material for newly arrived secondary students learning English as a second language’.
- EAL in
Lists the range of services provided with details of each.
- EAL Provision for New Arrivals
A policy to ‘ensure that schools inform parents or guardians of newly enrolled SRP-funded English as an additional language [EAL] students, about the New Arrivals Program, and of their right to access the program for their children’.
Access reports covering several years.
- English as an
Home page for all EAL services in government schools.
- Interpreting and Translating
‘Interpreting and translating services are available free, within guidelines, to government schools. The services ensure that parents and guardians who require an interpreter have access to school information, and are better able to communicate with schools’.
- Reporting the Achievement of ESL
‘The progress of an English as a Second Language [ESL] student learning English should be reported against the stages of the ESL Standards rather than the levels of the English Standards’.
Contains links to a variety of publications and online resources.
- The ESL Handbook
‘Advice to schools on programs for supporting students learning English as a second language’.
‘The EAL Developmental Continuum P-10 will assist teachers to identify students’ current stage of English language development. This assessment can be used for reporting purposes and to plan for purposeful teaching for individuals and small groups of students with similar needs’.
- Aboriginal English
Ways of Being, Ways of Talk. ‘Information on Aboriginal English and its use within the wider community. Providing a better understanding of how Aboriginal English and Australian English differ, on the basis of their differing histories and associated underlying conceptualisations’. Download the document here.
- EAL/D - English as an Additional Language or
Covers program information, curriculum support, assessment and reporting, information specifically for Aboriginal students, Teacher Development Schools and Translating and Interpreting information.
- ESL Resource Centre
contact details, brief description Resources Recommended for Teacher in Remote Communities document.
- Intensive English Centres
Covers centres and programs.
- Resourcing the Curriculum
‘To support ESL/ESD students to attain English language proficiency necessary for successful participation in mainstream schooling’.
- AMEP Fact Sheets - AMEP Research Centre
‘The following Fact Sheets have been developed by the Adult Migrant English Program [AMEP] Research Centre to provide [AMEP] teachers with information on areas of professional concern’.
- AMEP - Reviews of Australian
AMEP Research Centre, Macquarie University.
- Australian Links for ESL Students and Teachers
Culture & Lifestyle, language, internet resources, study & education, recommended Australian links.
English Language Schools Listings
- Australia, English Schools and ELICOS Programs
- Directory of English Language Schools in Australia
Search by location or name, use the drop-down menu to access specific areas.
- English Australia
‘The national association for accredited public and private English language colleges in Australia.’ Search for courses in specific locations.
- English Cafe
‘The premiere English learning community for the global professional’.
‘It is a fun way to improve English comprehension, understand grammar concepts, build vocabulary and above all, feel confident about communicating with others in English. You can learn on your own, learn with friends or get help from our tutors’. Free demo, some Free Resources [see listing at bottom]. Main course is Fee-based.
- University English Language Centres Australia
‘A network of 30 Australian universities offering English Australia Language courses for overseas students, ELICOS, and IELTS preparation of the highest international standard.’
- ESL Australia Network
Services, employment information, student help and more.
- ESL/Indigenous Project
‘Theoretical articles that outline the policy debates surrounding Aboriginal English, such as how literacy should be valued and understood in Australia, and practical articles that state what Aboriginal English is, or provide some practical examples or personal experience of its use and influence.’
ESL Jobs Centre
Covers placement in different positions at all levels in a large range of countries around the world.
- ESL Jobs in Australia
- ESL Jobs World
‘Jobs for teachers of English to speakers of other languages’. Covers the world and provides email newsletters covering vacancies.
- Teaching ESL Australia
- Professional Development Resources -
AMEP Research Centre
‘The AMEP RC produces a wide range of Professional Development Resources for teachers within AMEP. Under the eBook resources it is possible to sort our library by title, author/s and series. The publications on this site are available for download inclusive of the multimedia resources under the conditions of copyright detailed below’ Macquarie University.
- Web Pages of Australian ESL Teachers
Hosted by the University of Queensland. Links for other areas.
Federal Government Support
- Adult Migrant English
‘Provides English lessons to eligible adult migrants. Participants can also make new friends and learn about Australia, its people and customs. The AMEP is free for most eligible adult migrants.’
- ESL - New Arrivals Programme
Details of support for this program. See also the Eligibility for ESL-NA Program 2012 which provides a checklist. There is also a List of Visa Subclasses for Validation of ESL-NA Claims. The Questions on the ESL-NA Program page may assist.
‘The National ELT [English Language Teaching] Accreditation Scheme is a body operating independently of government and of industry ELT centres, but with strong cooperative links with government agencies and industry representative bodies. NEAS operates with the same set of standards and criteria and applies the same operating principles to all ELT centres. NEAS also monitors the delivery of the Adult Migrant English Program across Australia through contract with the Department of Immigration and Citizenship.’
English Language and Literacy
‘The main aim of the WELL Program is to assist organisations to train workers in English language, literacy and numeracy skills.’
- Adults Only : Literacy On-line in Australia
‘Exploring adult education ESL on the web.’ Australia and the USA.
- Learning English [AMES]
‘Learning English opens a world of opportunities and is essential for making the most of your life in Australia’. Information on Free English classes, English for Work and English for Overseas students. Victoria and Sydney.
- Bilingualism Database
‘Intended for use by those interested or involved in the field of bilingualism, regardless of whether they are professionals, researchers, students or parents of bilingual children.’ Search by keyword for title or author. University of Birmingham.
- Developing Teachers
‘A web site for the developing language teacher.’
- English Baby !
‘Visit every day for a new, Free English lesson ! Our online English lessons feature real English conversations about popular culture’.
- International English Language Testing System
‘Measures ability to communicate in English across all four language skills - listening, reading, writing and speaking - for people who intend to study or work where English is the language of communication.’
- Professional Development
eBook resources, multimedia resources, a Kit for Assessment Task Development. ‘Available for download inclusive of the multimedia resources under the conditions of copyright detailed [on the main page].’ AMEP Research Centre.
- TESall.com’s Useful Links for ESL/EFL Teachers
Employment, blogs, lesson plans, news, school directories.
- Thor’s ESL Sitemap
‘A master index to a great deal of language learning material for both students and teachers.’ Lesson content, links, advice, analysis, lectures & resources.
‘Learn English on the Internet. It’s easy. It’s fast. It’s fun. 6 levels with over 60 lessons each. Speaking, listening, reading, writing & grammar.’ Fee-based.
Journals & Other Publications
- English Language
‘A weekly digest of the most important news affecting English language teachers worldwide. It is Free for members and non-members. For easy reading, news is broken into [multiple] categories’.
- ESL Online Journals
A listing of annotated links to these.
- Essential Teacher
‘A magazine for language teachers and administrators in varied ESL and EFL workplaces, including pre-K-12, 2- and 4-year institutions of higher learning, and adult education.’
- Online ESL Journals [Larry
‘I thought readers of this blog might find it useful to hear about the free online ESL journals I read regularly. I also have them listed on my Teacher’s Page under the Online Journals section’.
‘A Freely-distributed electronic academic journal.’ Access an RSS Feed.
- TESOL Journal
‘A refereed, practitioner-oriented electronic journal based on current theory and research in the field of TESOL. TJ is a forum for second and foreign language educators at all levels to engage in the ways that research and theorising can inform, shape, and ground teaching practices and perspectives. To access the full text of TESOL Journal, you must be a member’.
- TESOL Quarterly
Access current articles, many in PDF format. Continuous access requires a subscription.
- The Internet TESL Journal
‘Articles, Research Papers, Lessons Plans, Classroom Handouts, Teaching Ideas & Links. A monthly web journal.’ Access an RSS Feed.
Test of English as a Foreign Language™
‘1StopESL offers Exam English resources for the IELTS, PET & KET exams. Free worksheets, games, photo gallery and worldwide directory of education’.
TOEFL Preparation Online. ‘With ePrepz you get access to over hundreds of different types of quizzes, exercises and practice tests that are based on the TOEFL exam. What that means is every exercise is designed after the TOEFL and by simulating the actual test you will feel more comfortable and relaxed when taking the TOEFL test’. Fee-based but quite reasonable.
- Good Luck TOEFL
‘Studying for the TOEFL exam can be scary, difficult, and confusing. Like thousands of other students around the world, you probably have so many questions. Good Luck TOEFL gives you the answers.’
- The TOEFL Test
‘More than 6 000 institutions and agencies in 110 countries rely on TOEFL scores to select students with the English skills needed to succeed. The TOEFL test covers all facets of English proficiency, including a test of spoken English and grammar exercises.’ Now able to be done online.
- Test of English as a Foreign Language
Format and contents, criticisms, related links. From Wikipedia.
- TOEFL Practice Test
A sample test from the UK.