Learning & Teaching Styles
An individual’s mode of gaining knowledge, esp. a preferred or best method. Example : Learning style
is an individual’s unique approach to learning based on strengths, weaknesses, and preferences.
‘The term itself has no agreed definition but the more widely accepted definitions refer to it as a set
of teaching tactics [Galton et al, 1980], instructional format [Siedentop, 1991]. In [Physical education] circles the
definition of it is the general pattern created by using a particular set of strategies’.
[Teaching Styles in Physical Education and Mosston’s Spectrum], Teaching Style - Weebly
Learning and teaching styles and methodology are interwoven. By understanding one, you can implement the most effective of the other. This maximises effectiveness of learning and greater satisfaction and achievement for staff and students.
This page looks at learning styles, learning methods and teaching methods & styles. Several learning styles are covered in some detail, while a wider range are noted.
For information on Learning Theories and theorists, go to this page.
- Integrating Learning Styles and Multiple
‘We believe that the integration of learning styles and multiple intelligence theory may minimise t heir respective limitations and enhance their strengths, and we provide some practical suggestions for teachers to successfully integrate and apply learning styles and multiple intelligence theory in the classroom’.
- I Think … Therefore … MI !
Multiple Intelligences in Education, Sections cover criteria, overview, profiles, domains, MI links, Brain links, unit templates, MI and instruction, lesson templates, PDF file of suggested software.
Well presented !
- Learning Styles &
Interactive assessment, practical tips for you.
- Multiple Intelligences
Stresses that ‘the intelligences are equal in their importance’. Clear coverage of each.
- Updated !
Multiple Intelligences New Horizons in Theory and Practice
Howard Gardner. You need to take a free registration to read online or download it.
- Tapping into Multiple
Concept to Classroom Workshop. Eight sections, each with four sub-sections - Explanation, Demonstration, Exploration, Implementation. Includes data and videos.
- Theory of Multiple Intelligences -
Multiple Intelligences, the theory behind it, Howard Gardner, more. Multiple videos.
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
- Myers & Briggs Foundation
Information about the assessment, more.
- Myers-Briggs Type Indicator -
Multiple videos covering all aspects.
- Myers-Briggs - Working out Your Type
Other Learning Styles
- Do Learning Styles Exist ?
Interesting article with extensive references.
- Introduction to Learning Styles
Overview, bibliography [book recommendations], links.
- Kolb’s Learning Styles and Experiential
‘Kolb’s experiential learning theory works on two levels: a four stage cycle of learning and four separate learning styles. Much of Kolb’s theory is concerned with the learner’s internal cognitive processes’.
- Learning Styles
‘Resources for a model of learning styles generally referred to as the Felder-Silverman model’. Also has an Index of Learning Styles including an online Questionnaire.
- Learning Styles [emtech]
Listing of links to style information, articles, tools and instruments.
- Learning Styles - From The Known To The Unknown
Information around a number of major themes.
- Updated !
Select from the 30+options available.
- Learning Styles Resource
Styles, Learning Style Inventory.
- Learning Styles - Topic
Multiple videos of varying lengths, both general and specific topics.
- Learning Styles [UMN]
Read articles, learn about 50 theories, more.
- Learning Styles [Wikipedia]
Multiple models, Assessment Methods. Criticism, Learning styles in the classroom, references, links.
- Overview of Learning Styles
7 learning styles and background to the concept. Links access further information on each style.
- The Learning-Thinking Styles
1997. ‘A study to examine the validity of the Learning-Thinking Style Inventory and to investigate the learning and thinking styles of college students’. ERIC.
- VARK - A Guide to Learning Styles
‘A questionnaire that helps your learning by suggesting the strategies you should be using’. This section is free.
- What is Your Learning Style ?
Questionnaire. Overview, instructions.
- A Critical Reflection …
“On Transformational Learning Practice”. 2005, Cecilia Andrews [ADFA]. ‘Reviews and synthesises elements of contemporary thinking in the student-centred paradigm of higher education and learning under the banner of Transformational Learning’.
- Scaffolding for a
Transformative Learning Experience
2006. Document as part of “The Colloquia Philosophy”.
- Transformative Learning
Multi-section site. Introduction, definition, ten phases, overviews, survey, technology impacts, role & skills, resources, more.
- Transformative Learning [Jack
‘Transformative Learning theory is focused on adult learning, particularly in the context of post-secondary education’.
- Transformative Learning [Wikipedia]
Mezirow and transformative learning; Other perspectives; transformative learning in practice; references.
- Transformative Learning Theory - An
‘Provides a brief overview of transformative learning theory from the perspective of Jack Mezirow. Also discussed are the conditions that need to be present, from his perspective, to foster transformative learning’.
Teaching Styles & Methods
- Benefits of Cooperative
Also has links to further information.
- Cooperative and Collaborative
‘How this technique for using small, cooperative groups in education can help improve learning in your class. Proceed from Concept To Classroom as you begin to apply new ideas to your lessons’.
- Cooperative & Collaborative Learning
First part of a series of articles on group learning.
- Cooperative Learning
PublicSchoolReview.com. Information with detailed activities.
- Cooperative Learning : Response to Diversity
- Cooperative Learning Strategies
Resources, articles, teaching tips, more.
- Cooperative Learning -
Multiple videos. From what it is to using it in the classroom.
- Ted’s Cooperative Learning
- The Best
Sites For Cooperative Learning Ideas
Larry Ferlazzo. Extensive, annotated listing.
Difference in Cooperative Learning & Collaborative Learning
Summary of this. Text and graphic.
- What is Cooperative Learning
First part of a multi-sections site on the topic. Carleton College.
- What is Cooperative Learning
Overview, links to books, recent publications, blog and videos.
Inclusive Education & Classroom
- Benefits of Inclusion
PBS America. Part of a larger section on Inclusive Education, in turn part of a larger section on Learning Disabilities.
- Facilitated Communication
overview, specific aspects, training.
- Including Students with Disabilities
Enter the term into the Search Box and gain appropriate results.
- Inclusion [Education]
Classification, alternatives, legal issues, frequency of use, necessary resources, common practices, collaboration, selection of students for inclusion, relationship to progressive education, arguments for full inclusion, positive effects, criticism, social and cultural inclusion, references, links. Wikipedia.
- Inclusion in Education
: Towards Equality for Students with Disability
2013, Children with Disability, Australia report.
- Inclusion &
Multiple videos of varying length and specific aspects. Includes videos on strategies.
- Inclusive Education
Short video. Links to related videos.
- Inclusive Education
- Teacher Collaboration
Enter the term into the Search Box and gain the appropriate results.
- The Benefits of Inclusive Education
PBS Parents, USA. ‘Here are key findings about the benefits of inclusion for children and families’.
We Learn Better : Inclusive Schools Benefit All Children
‘Effective models of inclusive education not only benefit students with disabilities, but also create an environment in which every student, including those who do not have disabilities, has the opportunity to flourish. Here are some ways in which inclusive educational practices build a school’s capacity to educate all learners effectively’.
- Classroom Management
Teachervision. ‘Find our best classroom management resources, from room set-up advice to behaviour modification articles to effective teaching methods. Whether you’re a new teacher or a seasoned veteran, there’s something for all grade levels, K-12’.
- The Guidelines
One university’s guidelines for teaching appropriate to that level. Indicative of what is, and should be, a set of guidelines for quality teaching. UNSW.
- Teaching Methods
Instructional methods with advantages and disadvantages.
- Updated !
Methods [Flinders University]
Multiple sections, many with links. Learning methodologies, learning disabilities, summary. A linked page is found at New ! Teaching Effectiveness.
- Teaching Methods [Teach.com]
‘The term teaching method refers to the general principles, pedagogy and management strategies used for classroom instruction’. Multiple sections and explanations.
- Teaching Methods
Links. Range from theory and planning to subject areas.
- Teaching Methods [SERC]
‘Each pedagogic approach is described succinctly so you can quickly understand how the technique might be relevant to your teaching. Descriptions include tips for effectively using each technique, related research on their impacts on learning, as well as a set of example activities’.
- Teaching Method - Topic
Theories, methods, modelling, innovation, more. Multiple videos.
- Glossary of Instructional Strategies
Extensive, alphabetical listing with brief descriptors.
- Indigenous Engagement
UniSA. Includes Horizon 2020 program.
- Models of Teaching
Concepts : Information Processing model, Behavioural model, Social model, Personal model.
- Models of Teaching/Instruction
- Teaching Principles and Practices
- Teaching Styles
Center for Teaching Excellence, University of South Carolina, USA. ‘Your teaching style reflects on what you value in education, what methods you believe are effective and how your students learn your subject best’.
- Teaching Styles in Physical Education
2010, Jonathan Doherty. Includes “Mosston’s Spectrum”. A related article, Updated ! Accommodating students’ learning styles in physical education is found at Highbeam. Subscribe or use a 7-day free trial for access.
General Sites & Portals
- Learning Theory Evolves
A blog site which works to analyse styles of learning and the theories involved.
- Learning, Performance and Training Definitions
- Moral Development and Moral Education : An Overview
‘Introduction to the main perspectives guiding current work on moral development and education’.
- Opening All Options II
“Education - Teaching and Assessment Strategies”. Monash University. [Site being redeveloped. Monitor for future structure.]
- The Teaching Effectiveness Program
Series of workshops.
- Introduction to Learning Styles and Preferences
‘Introduces the basics of learning styles and preferences and invites students to complete a comprehensive learning styles and preferences survey’. [5:39]
- Kolb’s Learning Style Inventory & How to Use It
‘Gonzaga University Communications & Leadership Masters Program’. [8:30]
- Learning Styles Don’t Exist
‘Professor Daniel Willingham describes research showing that learning styles are a myth’. [6:55]
- Learning Styles of the Net Generation
‘A presentation about Net Generation learning styles’. [9:06]
- Learning Styles - Personalised
‘Provides a quick overview of learning styles along with a link to see an example of a personalised education school’. [9:33]
- Teaching Strategies - Learning
‘Teaching strategies on effectively reaching kinaesthetic, visual, and auditory learning styles’. [4:26]