Middle Years of Schooling
Middle Years of Schooling is generally accepted as covering Years 5 to 8 in schools though this can vary slightly. These are the last years of Primary and the first years of Secondary Education. It is also a period when student’s lives undergo significant physical, emotional and even mental changes. Many believe that developing and implementing specific programs and/or settings addressing these issues will benefit students and their achievement.
While there is variable interest in other areas of the world regarding both research and implementation, this remains patchy in Australia.
This page covers procedures and programs, where they exist, in each state & territory, research, policies, international groups, journals and further information.
States & Territories
Australian Capital Territory
- Early AdolescenceIs found here [which covers the Middle Years].
- Middle Years Mental
‘Aims to increase teachers’ professional knowledge, understanding and skill in connecting teaching, learning and assessment to support their students in learning mental computation strategies’. Brief commentary only.
- No specific programs exist as at this date.
New South Wales
One Chapter of a larger document.
- Middle Years
Literature Review Part 1
Access Middle Years Literature Review Part 2 here.
- Our Middle Years Learners
- Engaged, Resilient, Successful
‘Education Strategy for Years 5 - 9 in NSW 2006-2009’.
- Middle Years [CEO]
Catholic Education Office. Relating to the curriculum.
- Middle Years Curriculum
‘Information about what your child learns during the middle years of schooling and how you can help your child do their best at school’.
‘This page has information on your child’s school reports during middle years’.
- Review of
‘Commissioned by the NT government in 2014 to identify opportunities to strengthen the quality, effectiveness and efficiency of the middle years of education after the model was introduced eight years ago’. Download the report via the following link.
- Work Like the Best - Middle Years Teaching and Learning Strategy 2016-2018
‘This three year strategy is aimed at driving policy and programs in the areas identified as having the greatest positive impact on the quality of middle school education; positioning students for success as they enter their last stage of secondary education’.
- Engaging Middle Years Learners
Part of a training program. You can also watch a video presentation here.
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Perspectives in The Middle Phase of Learning
‘Explains the role of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander perspectives in the middle years curriculum and includes a range of support materials’. Resources are listed here and also in Word format here.
practices in the Middle Years in Queensland schools. What the data tells us and what this means for middle schooling
‘What the data tells us and what this means for middle schooling’.
- About the Wellbeing and Engagement
Follows on from the Middle Years Development Instrument trial in 2013. Optional student particpation in the middle years group. A Fact Sheet is available here. For more information about what was called the Middle Years Development Instrument, visit this site.
Curriculum framework, information about learners, what’s new, resources, more.
Years Development Instrument
‘A survey for children aged 8 to 14 that collects information from students on non-academic factors relevant to learning and participation’.
- SACSA Framework Middle Years
Use menu at the left. Learners & Learning, Essential Learnings, Implications and Enterprise and Vocational Education.
- Department of Education
Use these to mine for data relating to the Middle Years.
- Middle School
‘TAS in 2000, established Middle School, a distinct academic and residential precinct for students in Years 6-8. A rich, challenging and stimulating curriculum is designed to generate an enthusiasm for life-long learning, in a way that excites and engages 11-14 year olds boys and girls’.
Middle Years Numeracy Research Project : Years 5-9
‘The Middle Years Numeracy Research Project was commissioned by the Victorian Department of Education, Employment and Training [DEET], the Catholic Education Commission of Victoria [CECV] and the Association of Independent Schools of Victoria [AISV)]#8217;. Executive Summary and Full Report available.
- Teaching Strategies
- the Middle Years
Teaching Module. ‘Resources, Glossary, Timing, Going further’.
Middle Years College
MySchool profile. ‘A multi campus co-educational College catering for about 1050 students in Years 7 to 9, Wodonga Middle Years College is pivotal to the delivery of Middle Years education in the Victorian Government Education system’.
- Victorian Curriculum
Curriculum information for this area of schooling, covering Levels 5-8 [or 5-9].
- Middle School : Exploring Opportunities to Grow
Wesley College. One example of a Middle School program.
- Middle Schooling in Western Australian Public
Report from the Department of Education, 2008.
- Middle schooling policy and practice in the Western
Australian Catholic system
- Closing the Emergency Facility : Moving Schools
from Literacy Triage to Better Literacy Outcomes
2014; Joanne O’Mara. ‘This article focuses on the tensions between national and international testing, educational policy and professionalism for middle school English teachers. I argue that state and federal government[s] are responding to the impact of Australia’s falling results on the international testing in PISA through the usage of their own testing program, NAPLAN’.
- Creating Mathematics Websites in Middle School
2015; Alessandra King. ‘ In this article, Alessandra King describes a learning opportunity that asked students to create a website that focuses on mathematics. The project allowed middle school students the use of readily available, free internet tools that did not require any prior programming experience’.
- High Possibility Classrooms : a new model of technology integration for schools
2015; Jane Hunter. ‘The research aimed to understand how a group of exemplary teachers conceptualized their knowledge of technology integration and to find out what was fresh in their approaches, including what students in the classrooms thought out being learners in such spaces’.
- The attitudes of boys and
girls towards science and mathematics ...
As they progress through school in Australia. 2016; Chris Ryan. ‘Differences between boys and girls in their attitudes towards mathematics are apparent among students in year four in Australia. These differences increase between Year four and year eight, while differences in similar directions in reported attitudes towards science develop’.
- The career aspirations of young
adolescent boys and girls
2017; Jennifer Baxter. [Australian Institute of Family Studies] ‘The primary focus of this chapter from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children Annual Statistical Report 2016 is on describing the types of jobs adolescents at 14-15 years say they would like to have in the future’.
- Two models for implementing Citizen
Science projects in middle school
2015; Kathryn Paige, Robert Hattam, Christopher B Daniels. ‘This paper describes the two models used to develop scientific citizenship in middle schools in Adelaide, South Australia’.
- What happens to students
with low reading proficiency at 15 ? Evidence from Australia
2016; Cain Polidano, Chris Ryan. ‘Little is known about whether low reading proficiency in school is a precursor to inferior labour market outcomes in adulthood. [The authors] fill this gap in the literature using education and labour market information to age 25 years for participants in the 2003 Program of International Student Assessment [PISA] who were tracked from age 15 in the 2003 Longitudinal Survey of Australian Youth’.
- An Investigation of Middle School Teachers’
Perceptions on Bullying
2017; Stewart Waters, Natalie Washburn. ‘The purpose of this study was to explore middle school teachers’ perceptions towards bullying and the ramifications of different types of bullying within the school environment. This study was thoughtfully designed after a thorough examination of relevant research literature, which was then used to inform the construction of our research study and analysis of data collected from a self-administered online survey instrument’.
- Cyberbullying : What Middle School Students Want
You to Know
2012; J J Burnham, V H Wright. ‘Cyberbullying is a growing concern because youth are technologically savvy. This focus group study examined cyberbullying attitudes, beliefs, and opinions among middle school students in Alabama and describes conversations middle school students shared in the interviews’. USA.
- Digital Tools and
Distraction in School
2017 [updated]; Mary Beth Hertz. ‘How do we teach students to integrate technology into their schoolwork and their learning while also making sure that they’re staying focused on the task at hand ?’ USA.
- In the Middle : Do We Share the Vision ?
Do Principals and Teachers Agree about the Middle School Concept ?. 2013; Cherry Watts, Allen H Seed, Louis A Franceschini III. ‘The Tennessee Professors of Middle Level Education examined how Tennessee schools implemented the middle school concept. Of concern was the impact that emphasis on accountability and achievement had on the middle school concept which emphasizes the development of the whole child’. USA.
- Making it Work, Making it Meaningful
2017; James Davis. ‘These elements of the middle school concept need attention and commitment’. USA.
- Relationship of Middle School Student STEM Interest to Career Intent
2017; Rhonda Christensen, Gerald Knezek. ‘Understanding middle school students’ perceptions regarding STEM dispositions, and the role attitudes play in establishing STEM career aspirations, is imperative to preparing the STEM workforce of the future. Data were gathered from more than 800 middle school students participating in a hands on, real world application curriculum to examine the relationship of the students’ interest in STEM and their intentions to pursue a career in a STEM field’.
- That Was Then, This Is Now : Gifted
in the Middle
2017; Susan Rakow. ‘Committing to the challenge of addressing the needs of gifted learners’.
- The Middle School Philosophy : ...
Do We Practice What We Preach or Do We Preach Something Different ? 2014; Susan Edwards, Andrew T Kemp, C Steven Page. ‘This quantitative study examined the beliefs of middle grades education faculty from universities across the United States about the purpose of education. The results of the survey were compared to the central tenets of the middle school philosophy’. USA.
- Adolescent Success
‘Dedicated to the education, development and growth of young adolescents’. Previously listed as Middle Years of Schooling Association. eNews & Newsletters are accessed here.
- Middle School
Covers pedagogy and implementation around the world. Wikipedia.
- Middle Years of Schooling
AARE. ‘The key aim of this Special Interest Group is to create and support strategic opportunities to enhance the momentum and advocacy around middle years research, and the consolidation of evidence based practice in middle years education’.
- Association for Middle Level Education
‘A voice for those committed to the educational and developmental needs of young adolescents’. USA. Publications [AMLE Magazine], research, professional development and preparation, news, more.
- Edutopia Middle School Group
‘Teaching middle chool is not for the faint of heart. Join us in discussing what works - and what doesn’t’.
- European League for Middle Level Education
‘Provides a wealth of resources for schools, districts, educators, parents, and public school advocates working to raise achievement for all students in the middle grades’. USA. Their Resources page is good. Also articles, interviews, book reviews, more. An article example is We Don’t Need Learning Styles to Teach Diverse Students.
- National Middle Schools’ Forum
‘Represents the interests and aspirations of middle school headteachers, staff, pupils and governors. As “The Voice of Middle Schools” we have contacts with many national bodies’. Articles, research, International links, good practice, forums, resources, more. UK.
For all educational journals, see the Education Journals page.
Policy & Policy Positions
- Enhancing Middle
ACARA. Part of a larger report. 2013.
- Principles of Middle Schooling
Australian Curriculum Studies Association. Use the ‘Policies & Papers’ link.
- Access Middle School
‘Developed by an educator for educators. Much of the material selected for inclusion into the site was found on the internet’.
- Australian Association of Mathematics Teachers
Resources specifically for the Middle Years.
- Creatively Teaching Science In the Middle
‘The handbook evolved from a Science Teachers’ Focus Group conducted at Ballarat High School in Victoria’. 2009.
- Effective Middle
Manual, by Julie Boyd. Australian.
- Middle Years Programme
The International Baccalaureate. All learning areas.
- MyRead, Strategies for Teaching Reading in the Middle
‘Supports teachers of underperforming students in the middle years [Years 4 - 9]’. Information, resources. Australian government.
- The Rite Journey
‘Targets Year 9 students, the age that most teachers recognise as “the year of disengagement”. Re-invents the traditional process of a Rite of Passage to assist in transforming the adolescent from dependency to responsibility’.
- Turning Points
‘Though funding for the initiative has ceased, CCE remains supportive of schools interested in the model and is pleased to house a selection of Turning Points guides online. To download Turning Points guides, click the links below. Access to this content is complimentary, but you will be asked to register’. USA.
- Using Digital
‘Education Services Australia develops and licenses digital curriculum resources to support teaching and learning’. Find many suitable for use with students in Middle Years.