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The Antarctic

The Antarctic is probably the most desolate continent on the planet. It is a continually changing area, especially now with global warning. Australia has had a long connection with it, not only through exploration but also through scientific research. Australia has laid claim to the largest part of the continent, though other countries also have claims to significant areas. The Antarctic has now become a tourist venue as well.

This page looks at The Antarctic - the continent itself, its exploration and those who explored it, Australia’s links both past and present, Antarctic images, the Aurora Australis, print material, student activities, more.

There are obvious links between this area and information provided on The Arctic.

The Antarctic

Exploration

Last great unexplored area. People, especially from England, Australia and Scandinavian countries were involved in the early explorations.

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General Sites

  • Antarctica
    Etymology, history, geography, geology, climate, population, biodiversity, politics, economy, research, effects of global warming, ozone depletion, references and external links. Wikipedia.
  • Antarctica [2]
    The CIA World Factbook.
  • Antarctica Exploration
    Multi Domain Assessment Task. ‘This task and others presented in this section were developed by teachers for teachers’. Created in Victoria, it is designed primarily for Level 5 Geography studies. Everything you need is enclosed including downloadables, a clear explanation of process, tasks, contents, more.
    Highly Recommended !
  • Antarctica Online
    Australian Antarctic Division. Information from the Australian Antarctic Division established by the Commonwealth government. Check Antarctic Stations run by Australia. For specific vision, check the Antarctic Webcams from the four different stations they operate. You can also check Australian Legislation about the Antarctic at this site.
  • Antarctica The Musical
    Dogmatic Productions. ‘Antarctica The Musical is an integrated unit of work written for Primary school students and is particularly relevant to the Stage 3 curriculum. Using drama, music and humour, it explores the formation, history and ecology of Antarctica. With a range of musical styles to capture the imagination of today’s youth, these songs and scenes can also be used independently or as part of the musical by the same name’. Other information can be found at Antarctica.
  • British Antarctic Survey
    News, information, weather, wildlife. Their section on Living & Working in the Antarctic is really worth seeing.
  • Classroom Antarctica
    Two main sections. One for teachers, one for Kids. For teachers, 8 units, classroom resources. Mouse over each and see a short descriptor. Kids’ topics include Who’s eating who ?, Feathered Friends, Slippery Characters, Cover Pages, more. PDF version.
    Brilliant !
  • Discovering Antarctica
    ‘Take a journey through this site to discover Antarctica for yourself. Each section features activities, images, video clips and fact sheets, to help you learn about this distant, frozen wilderness’. Royal Geographical Society.
    Well presented !
  • Handbook of the Antarctic Treaty System
    ‘This Handbook reproduces material with respect to the Antarctic Treaty system, including the Antarctic Treaty itself. It is hoped that this Handbook will be of help both to those familiar with the Antarctic Treaty System and to newcomers who want to learn about Antarctica and the System’. Available [in sections] in PDF format.
  • JACARA
    ‘Joint Australian Centre for Astrophysical Research in Antarctica. Promoting activities, both nationally and internationally, that will facilitate our ability to operate an Antarctic Observatory and maximise the science that can be produced’.
  • March Of The Penguins Study Guide
    ‘A film that audiences of all ages will enjoy, although it is particularly suited to primary school and lower secondary school students. Teaching and learning activities have been developed to assist teachers of students in the middle years to promote the achievement of a variety of learning outcomes across the discipline based areas of Science, Humanities, Society and Environment, Human Society and its Environment, English, The Arts’. Free and downloadable.
  • Mawson’s Huts
    Multiple sections covering from his trips to Antarctica through the present conservation efforts to maintain his huts.
  • South-Pole.com
    Information, graphics about the Arctic and Antarctic, philately, history, including exploration.
    Quite brilliant !
  • Students on Ice
    Student groups taken to either the Antarctic or the Arctic.
  • The Antarctic Circle
    Locations and personalities associated with the Antarctic and allied areas.
  • Traversing Antarctica [National Archives of Australia]
    ‘Traversing Antarctica : the Australian experience reveals how Australia’s connection with the frozen continent has developed over 100 years since the 1911-14 Australasian Antarctic Expedition led by Douglas Mawson. A wealth of documentary material from the National Archives unveils this fascinating history. A rare collection of original equipment and diaries from early expeditions is displayed together for the first time as well as inspiring interactive displays and imagery’.
  • Virtual Antarctica
    Join Whiteblack the penguin and find out about the Antarctic, animals to be found there, ice, glaciers, a special section on penguins.
  • Warnings from the Ice
    Accompanying a PBS program. ‘Over the last half-century, the coastal ice on the Antarctic Peninsula has been gradually disappearing. A group of scientists heads south to Antarctica in the race to answer questions and heed warnings from the ice’.
  • Welcome to The Antarctic Sun
    News, information. Available in PDF for later use.
  • Wildlife of Antarctica
    Information about Penguins, birds, Seals, Whales from Antarctic Connection.

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Other Information

Aurora Australis, the ‘Southern Lights’

See the Aurora Borealis section on the Arctic page, for other aurora information.

  • Aurora
    Auroral mechanism, forms and magnetism, solar winds, frequency, origin, sources, types, history of aurora theories, images, aurora in folklore, auroras in literature, references, links. Wikipedia.
  • Pictures of Aurora Australis
    A range of still photos and one video. Information about each.
  • Frequently Asked Questions about Aurora
    14 questions. From what it is to can you hear it. ‘For each question there is a short, one-sentence answer, a paragraph or two with a bit more explanation. For more detailed and technical explanations there are other web pages’.
  • The Aurora Australis
    ‘The Aurora Australis, or Southern Lights, have been captured on video by astronauts in the International Space Station [ISS]’.
  • The Aurora Australis - Southern Lights
    ‘Mesmerising, dynamic displays of light that appear in the Antarctic skies in winter. They are, in effect, nature’s light show; visual poetry penned from the quantum leaps of atmospheric gases’. Question/response format.

Books, Magazines, …

Graphics

Polar Information

Links may apply to all polar regions, including the Arctic and Antarctic. Visit the The Arctic page to access these

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