Oral Language ranges from everyday speech, through asking and answering questions to formal activities such as debating and public speaking. It is possibly the most extensive activity in which humans are involved. It also involves the development of effective Listening Skills.
The following provides information about the more formal aspects of this. It includes Public Speaking and Debating, while also providing resources for the general development of speaking skill. Listening Skills are also included.
Commonwealth & State Information
Covers school level and general debating information.
For links to debating competitions in various states/territories, check the Competitions & Challenges page.
- Australian Debating Federation
‘The peak body for schools debating in Australia. We oversee the provision of debating competitions for Australian school students from across the country’. All relevant information.
- Debaters Association of Victoria
Information for schools and adults, resources, events, Australian Debating Championships, Resources including a Schools Competition Resource Guide.
Calendar, competitions, resources, more from the NSW Department of Education Arts Unit.
- Debating SA
‘Operates across South Australia to allow students from schools and community organisations to participate in an education-based activity that promotes the development of communication, interpersonal and leadership skills’.
- Queensland Debating Union
Training Materials, a calendar of events for the coming year, resources, more.
- Tasmanian Debating Union
‘Organises schools debating competitions in Tasmania and selects and trains Tasmanian teams to compete in the Australian Debating Championships’. Calendar, resources, links.
- The New South Wales Debating Union
‘Seeks to promote and develop high school debating in New South Wales’.
- Western Australian Debating League
‘Established a forum for competitive debate between Perth metropolitan schools’. Now has more. Schools Competition, National Championships, resources, links, the latest news, more.
- Debatabase : a world of great debates
Hundred of debates in grouped topics. Each has a case study, points for and against, voting results before and after the debate, bibliography including links.
- Debating Ideas
Includes a Five-minute Debate Planner as well as topics grouped in either themes or levels.
- How to Improve Debating Skills
eHow.com. ‘There are certain tricks and tips that anyone can do to improve their debating skills, no matter what their skill level’. Also visit Debating Skills for Children and Rules for Classroom Debates.
- I Beg to Differ : Debating
New Zealand Site. Provides a full English Unit plan with all relevant resources for students in the senior secondary area.
- Masters Academy
A Sydney based company. It has free podcast and PDF debating resources as well as other fee-based offerings.
- Speech and Debate Timekeeper
‘Open source, multi-platform timer for speech and debate competitions. It has speech order and time limits preset for Policy, Lincoln-Douglas, Parliamentary, Public Forum, World Schools, Karl Popper, miscellaneous debate formats as well as individual events’.
- Taking the Initiative
‘Students and teachers involved in debating and/or public speaking competitions organised by the NSW Department of Education and Training should be familiar with the most authoritative guide to the conduct and adjudication of these activities’.
- Debate Central
How to debate, textbooks, videos, news, world debating information, debate blogs, more.
- Debate in the Classroom
Mix of lessons, ideas, techniques, effective speaking skills, rubrics, audio, video, more. US, but still relevant.
‘IDEA is an international network with over ten years of experience in teaching debate to young people. We are dedicated to inspiring informed discussion around the world’. Links to resources.
- Primary Debating
UK Parliament. ‘Resources packed with practical ideas to create engaging and lively opportunities for developing debating skills’.
- Teacher’s Guide to Introducing Debate
in the Classroom
A Canadian document that goes through the process in great detail.
- Teaching Resources [idebate.org]
A how-to guide in 14 sections ranging from Introductory exercise and argument construction through to judging and logic and reasoning. Multiple components [annotated listings] are found within each section.
- World Debate Website
Now part of the idebate site. Tutorials, adjudication information, research topics, motions, other links, rule information, more.
Public Speaking Competitions
For links to these nationally and in various states/territories, check the Competitions & Challenges page.
- 10 Tips for improving your Presentations & Speeches
11 actually. Watch a 15 minute TedX video on the topic, plus read the points.
- 4 000+ Speech Topics
‘Free speech topics with more than 4 000 persuasive, informative and other speech ideas, speech writing tips, how to guides, tutorials, information on outlining your speech topic for public speaking’.
- Effective Speaking
SkillsYouNeed. ‘This page can help you understand and utilise the full potential of your voice’.
- Famous Speeches
Gain ideas to improve your skills. Includes historical as well as modern day speeches from famous people.
- Performing Speeches
13 articles covering everything from performance techniques to Tips from the Stage.
- Presentation Tips for Public Speaking
Short article with a lot of common sense included. Also links to related material.
- Public Speaking Resources
‘Free tips and public speaking resources to help you improve your speaking, confidence and communication skills’. Scroll down to these.
- Public Speaking Tips
‘The following tips are taken from SPEAKING UP ©, MIT Freshman Advising Seminar. These tips provide you with advice on how to deliver your message clearly and strongly, with as little pain as possible for you - the speaker - and your audience’.
- Public Speaking Tips [Toastmasters International]
‘These how-to articles will help you hone your skills’.
- Strictly Speaking
‘A guide specifically intended for students and teachers of public speaking’. NSW Department of Education.
- Active Listening
Looks at external factors, then at you, the listener.
- All About Listening Skills
Multiple topic list [with annotations] from Developing Listening and Attention Skills in Children to The Best Listening Skills.
- Classroom Listening Skills
‘Are you an effective listener ? Then, use effective listening techniques. Here are the top ten ways to listen to a lecture.’
- Developing Listening Communication Skills
‘These tips will help you be a more attentive listener’.
- Good Listening in Class
‘Listening is a cognitive act that requires you to pay attention and think about and mentally process what you hear. Here are some things you should do to be a good listener in class’.
- How to teach Listening
‘FAQs, a handy guide and top tips for teaching listening’.
- How to Teach Listening Skills :
‘While teaching listening may seem ambiguous, there are actually a number of principles that apply in teaching listening skills in English’.
- Listening Skills
‘These lesson plans and materials are appropriate for general English classes. Have a look ! There’s a huge assortment of listening activities’.
- Say What ? 5 Ways to Get Students to
Working to develop listening skills from a different direction.
- Skillswise - Speaking &
BBC Skillswise. Listening for specific information, different types of listening as well as a variety of speaking and communication topics.
- Speaking & Listening Skills - Listening
‘What does it really mean to listen ? Tips for being a good listener’.
- Teaching Children Listening Skills
‘Teaching children listening skills by reading to them will improve their listening skills and train them in the art of active listening’. For younger students.
- Teaching Listening
‘Learn a few easy steps that you can follow today to help students become better listeners now.
- What is
Active Listening ?
‘This lesson gives students the opportunity to identify what active listening is [and why it is important in managing conflicts]’.
What is Listening ?
Lists good and poor listening habits. Links to Active Listening and other information.
- Australian Speak Easy Association
Self-help group aiding those who stutter and find speaking difficult.
- National Speaker’s Association
Join if a professional speaker. Events, newsletter. Fee-based.
‘Australian organisation where members learn and practice public speaking skills in a friendly club atmosphere. Members help each other to increase confidence and improve speaking skills in a warm, friendly and co-operative environment’.
- Toastmasters International Video Library
Videos for different topics from Interview situations to Managing your Fear and many more. Select using different options.
- Toastmasters International Australia
‘Will help you overcome any fear of public speaking while learning skills that will allow you to become more successful’.