Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that the following may contain images and voices of deceased persons.
The following people achieved high levels of recognition and are in some way linked to Australia. Some were not born in Australia; some never lived here. Others were born here. Some lived here permanently.
All have contributed significantly to Australia’s development in some way, whether through discoveries, leadership, cultural achievement, sporting prowess, science, technology, innovation, … .
A separate listing is provided for Indigenous Australians. It includes people from all areas of achievement.
The final section includes biographical information resources related to all Australian achievers.
Each listing is given in alphabetical order, using the following format - Surname, Title [if applicable], First Name[s]. A brief indication of area[s] and achievement[s] is provided.
|Banks, Sir Joseph||Naturalist, explorer|
|Barton, Sir Edmund||First Prime Minister of Australia|
|Bates, Daisy May||Memoirist, Indigenous culture recorder, Indigenous rights activist|
|Bean, Charles Edwin Woodrow||War Correspondent, barrister, journalist, public servant|
|Bird Walton, Nancy||Aviator|
|Blackburn, Elizabeth H.||Nobel Laureate [Physiology or Medicine]|
|Blamey, Sir Thomas Albert||Soldier, Policeman, Public Servant|
|Bradfield, John Job Crew||Designer of Sydney Harbour Bridge, civil engineer, rail engineer|
|Bragg, Sir William Henry||Nobel Laureate [X-ray Crystallography]|
|Bragg, Sir William Laurence||Nobel Laureate [X-ray Crystallography]|
|Bradman, Sir Donald||Cricketer|
|Bullwinkel, Sister Vivian||Army nursing sister, prisoner of war|
|Burnet, Sir Frank Macfarlane||Nobel Laureate [Medicine]|
|Bussau, David||Pioneer of microfinancing, Senior Australian of the Year|
|Callister, Cyril Percy||Food technologist, inventor of Vegemite|
|Carey, Peter||Novelist, dual Booker Award winner|
|Chang, Dr Victor||Heart surgeon|
|Chifley, Joseph Benedict||Prime Minister|
|Chisholm, Caroline||Social work with women in early New South Wales. Also see this resource|
|Clark, Graeme||Cochlear implant developer|
|Cook, Captain James||Navigator, explorer|
|Coombs, Herbert Cole [Nugget]||Economist, Reserve Bank Governor, the Arts, Aboriginal advocate|
|Cornforth, John Warcup||Nobel Laureate [Chemistry]|
|Cowan, Edith||Magistrate, First Female Australian Parliamentarian, Welfare worker|
|Curtin, John||WW II Prime Minister|
|Cuthbert, Betty||Olympic Athlete|
|Darcy, James Leslie [Les]||Boxer, blacksmith|
|Dart, Raymond Arthur||Archaeologist [Australopithecus africanus], academic|
|Dennis, C. J. [Clarence James]||Author, Poet|
|Dixon, Sir Owen||Jurist, Diplomat|
|Doherty, Peter Charles||Nobel Laureate [Medicine]|
|Dorrington, Annie||Australian flag designer [shared]|
|Dunlop, Sir Edward ‘Weary’||Surgeon, POW [WW II]|
|Eccles, John Carew||Nobel Laureate [Medicine]|
|Evatt, Dr Herbert Vere||Politician, First President of the United Nations|
|Everage, Dame Edna||Show business personality [See entry for Barry Humphries below]|
|Farrer, William||Agriculture [wheat development]|
|Flinders, Matthew||Circumnavigated and named Australia.|
|Florey, Lord Howard||Nobel Laureate, Science/Medicine, [penicillin]|
|Flynn, The Rev. Doctor John||Founded The Flying Doctor Service|
|Fraser, Dawn||Olympic swimmer|
|Frazer, Ian||Immunologist, Florey Medal winner, Australian of the Year|
|Fysh, Sir Wilmot Hudson||Pilot, co-founder of QANTAS, soldier|
|Goldstein, Vida Jane||Feminist, newspaper editor, pacifist, school administrator, women’s suffragist|
|Gordon, Adam Lindsay||Poet, MP|
|Grainger, George Percy||Musician & Composer|
|Hargrave, Lawrence||Flight, box kites|
|Helpmann, Sir Robert||Ballet dancer and director|
|Higgins, Henry Bournes||Barrister, High Court Judge [Harvester Decision], politician, university administrator|
|Hinkler, Bert||Aviator; first to fly solo England/Australia|
|Hollows, Fred||Humanitarian, eye surgeon in the Third World as well as Australia|
|Hughes, William Morris||WW I Prime Minister|
|Humphries, Barry [Dame Edna Everage]||Comedian and satirist|
|Hurley, Frank||Photographer [Antarctic/WW I]|
|Jacka, Albert||Soldier, mayor, Victoria Cross winner, World War 1|
|Katz, Sir Bernard||Nobel Laureate [Medicine]|
|Kelly, Edward [Ned]||Bushranger|
|Kenny, Elizabeth||Nurse [polio]|
|Kidman, Sir Sidney||Grazier, squatter, benefactor|
|Kiefel, Susan||First woman appointed as Chief Justice of the High Court of Australia|
|Kingsford-Smith, Sir Charles||Aviator; first to fly US/Australia|
|Kirkby, Sydney L||Australian surveyor, Antarctic explorer|
|Lalor, Peter||Rebel [Eureka Stockade], politician|
|Laver, Rod [‘Rocket’]||Tennis player|
|Lawson, Henry||Writer and poet [Student Activities]|
|Leichhardt, Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig||Explorer, Naturalist|
|Lindrum, Walter||‘Often considered to be the greatest player ever seen in the sport of billiards’|
|Lindsay, Norman Alfred William||Artist & writer|
|Lyons, Dame Enid||First female Federal politician|
|Macarthur, Elizabeth||Mother of the Australian sheep industry|
|Macarthur, John||Early agriculturalist|
|MacKillop, Mary Helen||School mistress, nun, canonised as Saint Mary of the Cross, 2010|
|McKay, Hugh Victor||Inventor, farm machinery manufacturer|
|Macquarie, Lachlan||New South Wales Governor, early 1800s|
|Marshall, Barry||Nobel Laureate [Medicine]|
|Mawson, Sir Douglas||Antarctic explorer|
|Melba, Dame Nellie||Opera singer, soprano|
|Menzies, Sir Robert||Longest serving Prime Minister|
|Monash, Sir John||Army officer, engineer, University Vice-Chancellor|
|Mort, Thomas Sutcliffe||Refrigerated transport|
|Updated ! Murdoch, Rupert||Media owner|
|Nolan, Sidney||Artist [Ned Kelly series]|
|O’Connor, Charles Yelverton||Engineer, Public Servant, Railways Commissioner [WA]|
|Oliphant, Sir Mark||Physicist|
|Parkes, Sir Henry||Father of Federation|
|Paterson, Andrew Barton||Writer and poet [Waltzing Matilda]|
|Phillip, Captain Arthur||First Governor of New South Wales colony|
|Updated ! Prokhorov, Aleksandr Mikhailovich||Nobel Laureate [Physics]|
|Ruse, James||Convict, farmer|
|Schmidt, Brian P.||Nobel Laureate [Physics]|
|Simmons, Michelle||British Professor, Quantum Physicist, Australian of the Year. Also see Michelle Simmons, the ‘quantum queen’|
|Singer, Peter||Moral philosopher, ethicist|
|Strickland [de la Hunty], Shirley||Olympic athlete, conservationist|
|Sturt, Charles||Inland Explorer|
|Stuart, John McDouall||Explorer; North/South crossing of Australia|
|Sutherland, Dame Joan||Opera singer, soprano|
|Tao, Terrence||Fields Medal [Mathematics]|
|Thorpe, Ian||Olympic swimmer|
|Travers, P. L.||Journalist, writer, creator of ‘Mary Poppins’|
|Venkatesh, Akshay||Mathematician. Winner of Fields Medal and Nevanlinna Prize|
|Wake, Nancy Grace Augusta [‘The White Mouse’]||Nurse, journalist, fought in the French Resistance during World War 2|
|Warren, David||Inventor of the black box flight recorder|
|Wentworth, William Charles||Explorer, politician|
|White, Patrick||Nobel Laureate [Literature]|
|Wilkins, Sir Hubert||Polar explorer, War Photographer, explorer|
|Archer, Caroline Lillian||Aboriginal activist|
|Bandler, Dr Faith||Campaigner for Indigenous rights, writer|
|Blair, Harold||Singer and Aboriginal activist|
|Bonner, Neville||First Indigenous Senator|
|Burnum Burnum [Harry Penrith]||Advocate, activist|
|Casey, Dr Dawn||National Museum Director, administrator|
|Cooper, William||Leader, advocate, activist|
|Dodson, Mick||Advocate, activist, representative, Australian of the Year|
|Dodson, Patrick||Activist, consultant, representative|
|Enoch, Wesley||Playwright, director|
|Foley, Gary||Activist, academic, actor|
|Freeman, Cathy||Olympic athlete|
|Goodes, Adam||AFL player, community leader, Australian of the Year|
|Gulpilil, David||Actor, dancer|
|Heiss, Anita||Children’s author, Aboriginal Congress of Australia member, Literary Award winner, education advocate|
|Kngwarreye, Emily Kame||Aboriginal artist|
|Lingiari, Vincent||Aboriginal leader, Land Rights campaigner|
|Mabo, Eddie||Land Rights campaigner|
|McDermott, Lloyd||First Indigenous Barrister, Rugby Union Wallaby|
|Miller, Damien||First Indigenous person appointed to head an Australian overseas mission|
|Updated ! Miller, Olga Eunice, “Aunty Olga”||Aboriginal writer, Community worker, Environmentalist, Illustrator, Storyteller|
|Monks, Rosie Kunoth||Film star, nun, social worker|
|Updated ! Nicholls, Sir Doug||First Indigenous State Governor, Footballer|
|Noonuccal, Oodgeroo||[Kath Walker] Poet, artist, educator, activist|
|O’Donoghue, Dr Lowitja [Lois]||Nurse, Public Servant, Chairperson of ATSIC|
|O’Shane, Pat||Magistrate, University Chancellor|
|Page, Stephen||Dancer, choreographer|
|Pearson, Noel||Lawyer, activist|
|Pemulwuy||Indigenous resistance fighter|
|Peris, Nova||Athlete, Olympic athlete, Senator|
|Perkins, Charles||Activist, sportsman|
|Purcell, Leah||Actress, Singer, Director, Playwright and Author|
|Ridgeway, Aden||Senator, television presenter|
|Roach, Archie||Singer and songwriter|
|Saunders, Captain Reginald||First Indigenous commissioned army officer|
|Smith, Shirley||Activist, helper [“Mum Shirl”]|
|Sykes, Roberta [Bobbi]||Aboriginal Administrator and health worker, Journalist, Academic, Writer|
|Thomas, Harold||Designer of the Aboriginal flag|
|Thornton, Warwick||Film director, screenwriter, cinematographer|
|Truganini [Trugernanner]||Tasmanian Aboriginal spokesperson and leader|
|Unaipon, David||Inventor, preacher, author, spokesman|
|Wyatt, Ken||Teacher, community leader, MP [First Indigenous Member of the House of Representatives]|
|Yagan||Indigenous resistance fighter|
|Yunupingu, Mandawuy||Musician, teacher, activist|
- 200 Significant
Grouped alphabetically and under specific headings. Information on how chosen.
- Australian Biography Online
‘A web-based biographical resource profiling some of the most extraordinary Australians of our time’. Film Australia and the National Library.
- Australian Composers
‘The links feature a short biography, email & web links, and photo for each represented composer’. Nearly 400.
- Australian Dictionary of Biography Online
Contains 10 000+ biographies of Australians, both famous and “infamous”. Entries have been done by people from the field in which the person being covered was best known. Multiple search methods : surname, occupation, author, town, specific dates and more.
Highly recommended !
- Updated !
Australian Newspapers Digitisation
‘A free online service that enables full-text searching of newspaper articles. The service includes newspapers published in each state and territory from the 1800s to the mid-1950s’. Access material from the history of Australia about individual famous people, written while they were alive.
- Australian of the Year Awards
Information about the awards and all the recipients of Australian of The Year, Senior Australian of The Year, Young Australian of The Year and Australia’s Local Hero.
- Australia’s Nobel Laureates and the Nobel
Overview of winners and the Nobel Prize, plus individual biographies.
of Australian Biographies
Civics and Citizenship Education website. There is also a Gallery of Historical Biography’.
- Dictionary of Australian
Project Gutenberg. A 1949 listing by Percival Serle.
- Encyclopaedia of Australian Science
University of Melbourne. ‘Incorporating Bright Sparcs and Australian Science at Work’.
- List of Australians
Kids.net.au. Famous Australians grouped under headings from Art to Other Areas.
- Tall Poppy Campaign
[Great Australian Achievers.] ‘Some of Australia’s great men and women, past and present, whose achievements are celebrated’.
- The Australian Women’s
‘A rich and growing source of information about Australian women and their organisations. Use the Register to find women, organisations, archives and publications’.
Indigenous Biography Sites
- 20 inspiring Indigenous women who have changed Australia
‘NITV has put together a list of 20 trailblazing Indigenous women who have changed Australia’.
Heroes : Episodes in the Colonial Landscape
‘Five narratives retell episodes of Queensland history. The revived narratives bring Aboriginal oral memory and the ‘unvoiced’ into the Australian public domain’.
Indigenous Rights Activists
Alphabetical listing through to Mick Gooda and Galarrwuy Yunupingu. Linked to further information on each. Wikipedia./li>
- Deadly Stories
‘Celebrates the many achievements of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and their communities across Queensland. The deadly stories gallery shares challenges and triumphs, and salutes the everyday success stories of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Queenslanders’.
Famous Aboriginal People & Role Models
Famous Aboriginal Sportspeople [Creative Spirits]
‘A surprisingly long list of successful Aboriginal sportspeople and role models across all disciplines of sport’. Check links at the bottom for a range of specific sports.
- Famous Indigenous People
Information on ‘a few of the inspirational Indigenous people who have accomplished great personal achievements as well as great cultural achievements for their fellow Indigenous peoples’. Skwirk.
- Heroes in The Struggle for Justice
‘A Gallery in Tribute to Heroes of the Political Struggle for Aboriginal Rights : 1905 - 2005’.
- How much do
you know about famous Indigenous Australians ?
Take this short quiz and see how good your knowledge is.
Australian Historical Figures
‘Some Indigenous Australians are remembered in history for leadership prior to European colonisation, some for their resistance to that colonisation, others for assisting Europeans explore the country’. Wikipedia.
- Indigenous Australian
‘Numerous Indigenous Australians are noted for their participation in, and contributions to, the Visual arts of Australia and abroad’. Wikipedia.
Part of the Australian Dictionary of Biography Online. Each of the 193 [at time of updating] links to further information. A more extensive listing is found at this site.
- Lists of Indigenous
Lists from historical figures to writers, musicians to sportspeople. Wikipedia.
The 10 Most Influential Indigenous Australians
‘Here are just 10 of the many Indigenous Australians who have had an incredible impact on their communities, the country and the world’.